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Hypocalcemia is one of the most frequent complications of total thyroidectomy, a procedure used for benign as well as malignant conditions of the thyroid gland. Postoperative hypocalcemia is usually caused by hypoparathyroidism. Vitamin D is implicated in calcium metabolism as it increases intestinal calcium transport and regulates parathormone production. Aim of the present study is to evaluate preoperative vitamin D levels as a prognostic factor for postoperative hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
AHEPA University Hospital Thessaloniki, Greece
Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:00-0400
Hypocalcemia is the most frequent complication in thyroid surgeries. Diagnosing this complication earlier will reduce longer hospital stay and will lead to an earlier intervention. The pur...
the increased risk of hypocalcemia following total thyroidectomy plus central neck dissection can be minimized by routine administration of oral calcium and vitamin D supplements during th...
Hypocalcemia is defined as reduction in the level of the ionized calcium in the blood to less than 0.95 mmole/ litre. In some cases it is associated with symptoms such as neuromuscular im...
The present study investigated the effect of routine calcium and vitamin D supplementation and tried to find the predictors for postoperative hypocalcemia in patients with thyroid cancer.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the role of intraoperative continous and intermittent neuromonitoring and intraoperative parathormone (PTH) to predict postoperative nerve morbidity a...
Clinically relevant hypocalcemia is a well-documented complication of glucocorticoid administration in people with hypoparathyroidism. The current report describes the phenomenon in a dog. A 7 yr old ...
Hypocalcemia has been reported in ~50% of patients 22q11.2DS and calcium regulation is known to play a role in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity. Because calcium ions play a role in neurona...
Subclinical hypocalcemia is a metabolic disorder characterised by a decrease in serum calcium (Ca) levels, with no clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine the punctual prevalence of ...
Postoperative hypocalcemia is the most common complication of thyroidectomy. Incidental parathyroidectomy (IP) was thought to be associated with postoperative hypocalcemia. However, according to previ...
Transient hypoparathyroid-associated hypocalcemia is a common side effect after thyroidectomy. Not only may it be life-threatening, but it also can distinctly affect length of hospital stay and treatm...
A condition caused by a deficiency of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH). It is characterized by HYPOCALCEMIA and hyperphosphatemia. Hypocalcemia leads to TETANY. The acquired form is due to removal or injuries to the PARATHYROID GLANDS. The congenital form is due to mutations of genes, such as TBX1; (see DIGEORGE SYNDROME); CASR encoding CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTOR; or PTH encoding parathyroid hormone.
Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A syndrome resulting from cytotoxic therapy, occurring generally in aggressive, rapidly proliferating lymphoproliferative disorders. It is characterized by combinations of hyperuricemia, lactic acidosis, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia.
Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.
A hereditary condition clinically resembling HYPOPARATHYROIDISM, but caused by failure of response to rather than deficiency of parathyroid hormones. It is characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia, and is commonly associated with short stature, obesity, short metacarpals, and ectopic calcification. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...