Vitamin D Levels and Postoperative Hypocalcemia After Total Thyroidectomy

2014-08-27 03:17:00 | BioPortfolio


Hypocalcemia is one of the most frequent complications of total thyroidectomy, a procedure used for benign as well as malignant conditions of the thyroid gland. Postoperative hypocalcemia is usually caused by hypoparathyroidism. Vitamin D is implicated in calcium metabolism as it increases intestinal calcium transport and regulates parathormone production. Aim of the present study is to evaluate preoperative vitamin D levels as a prognostic factor for postoperative hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective




AHEPA University Hospital Thessaloniki, Greece




Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:00-0400

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PubMed Articles [39 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition caused by a deficiency of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH). It is characterized by HYPOCALCEMIA and hyperphosphatemia. Hypocalcemia leads to TETANY. The acquired form is due to removal or injuries to the PARATHYROID GLANDS. The congenital form is due to mutations of genes, such as TBX1; (see DIGEORGE SYNDROME); CASR encoding CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTOR; or PTH encoding parathyroid hormone.

Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)

A syndrome resulting from cytotoxic therapy, occurring generally in aggressive, rapidly proliferating lymphoproliferative disorders. It is characterized by combinations of hyperuricemia, lactic acidosis, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia.

Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.

A hereditary condition clinically resembling HYPOPARATHYROIDISM, but caused by failure of response to rather than deficiency of parathyroid hormones. It is characterized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia, and is commonly associated with short stature, obesity, short metacarpals, and ectopic calcification. (Dorland, 27th ed)

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