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- Influenza like illness is defined as fever> 37°8C and cough or pharyngalgia. (Centers for Disease Control definition).
- Serious forms of influenza-like illness is defined by hospitalization within 14 days onset of symptoms or death attributed to influenza like illness.
- Survey sampling for estimating H1N1v influenza-like illness incidence.
- Out of approximately 50 000 patients under follow-up in one of the 40 ANRS centres, a sub-group will be selected by random sampling. Sampling will be stratified by centre and sampling fraction per site will vary in order to select 60 to 80 patients for this study per site. A total of 2500 to 3000 patients will be selected to allow for estimating the incidence of H1N1v influenza-like illness with an adequate precision.
Selected patients will be asked to contact the clinical staff on site as soon as any influenza like symptoms appear. In the case of influenza like illness patients are requested to attend to the clinic within 24 hours for physical examination and naso-pharyngeal swab for diagnosis of A(H1N1)v infection.
Nested case-control study for the determination of risk factors for serious forms:
- Cases: Serious forms (see definition above) identified by any clinical site or hospitalisation unit.
- Controls: Patients of the randomly selected sample (see survey sampling above), presenting with influenza-like illness without any criterion for severity.
The exhaustivity of symptomatic forms will be assessed a posteriori by merging information from all available data sources.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label
34 ANRS center
Paris + region of country
Active, not recruiting
French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:00-0400
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Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
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A diverticulum from the fourth pharyngeal pouch of an embryo, regarded by some as a rudimentary fifth pharyngeal pouch and by others as a lateral thyroid primordium. The ultimobranchial bodies of lower vertebrates contain large amounts of calcitonin. In mammals the bodies fuse with the thyroid gland and are thought to develop into the parafollicular cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
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