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This is a single center, randomized, unblinded study to compare the rate of occlusion of plastic, uncovered metal, or fully covered metal biliary stents in patient's with surgically resectable disease or those undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. We will also compare occlusion rates between uncovered metal and fully covered metal biliary stents in those patients determined to have surgically unresectable disease.
Malignant biliary obstruction can result from extrinsic processes, such as proximal pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma or metastatic lesions, or from intrinsic lesions such as cholangiocarcinoma. Malignant biliary obstruction is typically treated endoscopically with placement of either plastic (polyethylene) or metal biliary stents. Metal stents have a wider diameter than plastic stents, and have been shown to have higher patency rates, but are also 15-40 times the cost of plastic stents. Metal stents with a polymer coating have been developed to prevent tumor ingrowth into the stent, which can lead to stent occlusion. Cost analysis has demonstrated an advantage to the use of metal stents in patients with unresectable disease, or who may achieve operable status following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, while either plastic stents or metal stents are used when patients are deemed to have a surgically resectable lesion. Patient's determined to have resectable, or borderline resectable malignancy (those who may achieve resectability status following neoadjuvant chemotherapy) will receive either plastic, uncovered metal, or covered metal stents in a randomized fashion, while patients determined to have surgically unresectable malignancy will randomly receive either covered or uncovered metal biliary stents. The primary aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate stent occlusion rates in patients presenting with malignant biliary obstruction. Secondary aims of the study will include a cost analysis of each stent type, rate of hospital admission following stent placement, days off of chemotherapy due to procedural complication, and rate of acute cholecystitis associated with stent placement.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Malignant Biliary Obstruction
Biliary stent placement
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:17-0400
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Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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