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5-Azacytidine With Lenalidomide in Patients With High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

2014-08-27 03:17:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of Phase 1 of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of lenalidomide that can be given in combination with azacitidine to patients with Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML).

The goal of Phase 2 of this study is to learn if the combination dose of azacitidine and lenalidomide found in Phase 1 can help to control MDS and/or AML.

The safety of this drug combination will be studied in both Phases.

Description

The Study Drugs:

Azacitidine is designed to block certain proteins that stop the function of tumor-fighting genes. By blocking the "bad" proteins, the tumor-fighting genes may be able to work better.

Lenalidomide is designed to change the immune system. It may also interfere with the development of tiny blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it may decrease or prevent the growth of cancer cells.

Study Groups:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be assigned to a study group based on when you joined this study. Up to 6 groups of 3-6 participants will be enrolled in the Phase 1 portion of the study, and up to 40 participants will be enrolled in Phase 2.

If you are enrolled in the Phase 1 portion, the dose of lenalidomide you receive will depend on when you joined this study. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose level of lenalidomide. Each new group will receive a higher dose of lenalidomide than the group before it, if no intolerable side effects were seen. This will continue until the highest tolerable dose of lenalidomide is found.

If you are enrolled in the Phase 2 portion, you will receive lenalidomide at the highest dose that was tolerated in the Phase 1 portion.

All participants will receive the same dose level of azacitidine.

Study Drug Administration:

Each study "cycle" will be about 3-8 weeks, depending on how well you tolerate the drugs, any side effects that you may have, and how your blood count and bone marrow recovers.

On Days 1-5 of every cycle, you will receive azacitidine by vein over 15-30 minutes.

On Days 6-10 of every cycle, you will take capsules of lenalidomide by mouth.

You should swallow lenalidomide capsules whole with a cup (about 8 ounces) of water at the same time each day. Do not break, chew, or open the capsules. If you miss a dose of lenalidomide, take it as soon as you remember on the same day. If you miss taking your dose for the entire day, take your regular dose the next scheduled day (do NOT take double your regular dose to make up for the missed dose). If you take more than the prescribed dose of lenalidomide, you should seek emergency medical care if needed and contact study staff right away. Any unused lenalidomide should be returned as instructed through the RevAssist® program.

Any woman who can become pregnant should wear gloves if touching the lenalidomide capsules.

Your dose of study drugs may be lowered if you experience side effects.

You may be given drugs to help prevent side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea. The doctor will tell you more about what drugs you may receive.

Study Visits:

At every study visit, you will be asked about any other drugs and/or treatments you may be receiving and about any side effects you may be having.

One (1) time during each week of Cycle 1:

- Your medical history will be recorded.

- You will have a physical exam.

- Blood (about 1-2 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

On Days 21 and 28 of Cycle 1 (+/- 3 days), you will have a bone marrow aspiration performed to check the status of the disease. You will then have a bone marrow aspiration performed every 7-14 days for the rest of the study. If at any point the disease appears to go into remission, you will then have a bone marrow aspiration performed every 1-3 cycles.

Before Day 1 of Cycles 2 and beyond:

- Your medical history will be recorded.

- You will have a physical exam.

- Blood (about 1-2 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

Pregnancy Testing:

If you are a woman who is able to become pregnant, you will have blood (about 1-2 tablespoons) or urine pregnancy tests 1 time a week for the first 4 weeks of the study, then every 4 weeks while on study, when you stop the study, and 4 weeks after you are off study.

If you are a woman who is able to become pregnant and your menstrual cycles are irregular, you will have blood (about 1-2 tablespoons) or urine pregnancy test 1 time a week for the first 4 weeks, then every 2 weeks while on study, when you stop the study, and 2 and 4 weeks after you are off study.

Length of Study:

You may receive azacitidine for up to 12 cycles (about 12-18 months). You may receive lenalidomide as part of this study for as long as you are benefitting. You will be taken off study if the disease gets worse or you experience intolerable side effects.

This is an investigational study. Both azacitidine and lenalidomide are FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of MDS. Azacitidine is not FDA approved or commercially available for treatment of AML. The combination as used in this study is investigational.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Leukemia

Intervention

5-Azacytidine, Lenalidomide

Location

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Recruiting

Source

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.

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A pyrimidine analogue that inhibits DNA methyltransferase, impairing DNA methylation. It is also an antimetabolite of cytidine, incorporated primarily into RNA. Azacytidine has been used as an antineoplastic agent.

A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters. It is apparently transmitted to embryos in utero and to newborns through mother's milk.

A chronic leukemia characterized by a large number of circulating prolymphocytes. It can arise spontaneously or as a consequence of transformation of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.

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