Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The investigators aim to study whether the nuclear medicine method FP-CIT-SPECT (more details see below) allows to predict the further clinical course of Parkinson´s disease. Especially the investigators are interested in the motor and cognitive functions of the parkinsonian patients.
Background of this study:
Parkinson´s disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the nervous system. In PD, mainly the presynaptic dopaminergic neurons are affected: The dopamine synthesis as well as the active transport of dopamine into the synaptic gap by presynaptic dopamine transporters (DAT) is reduced. First parkinsonian symptoms occur when the concentration of dopamine within the basal ganglia is reduced by at least 80 per cent (Bernheimer et al. 1973). The reduced DAT density represents a typical phenomenon of PD. The DAT density can be measured by means of nuclear medicine methods: the tracer FP-CIT (Fluoropropyl-Carbomethoxy-Iodophenyl-Tropane) has a high affinity to presynaptic DAT (Booij et al. 1998). PD patients show a significantly lower striatal FP-CIT uptake than healthy controls. Therefore FP-CIT SPECT supports the diagnosis of PD (Benamer et al. 2000).
Aims of this study:
To test the predictive value of FP-CIT-SPECT concerning the clinical course of PD.
In this study we now (time 2) examine 25 PD patients who where diagnosed as having PD and who underwent FP-CIT-SPECT in the years 2003 up to 2006 (time 1). At both times - time 1 and time 2 - the part III (motor part) of the Unified Parkinson´s Disease Rating Score (UPDRS-Score) was / will be performed in the "Off" state. Furthermore, at time 2 the CERAD examination will be performed. 25 patients have to be included, if a correlation coefficient r = 0.5, an error 1st order = 0.05 and an error 2nd order = 0.20 are assumed.
We intend to answer the following questions:
1. Is there a correlation between the DAT density - measured between 2003 and 2006 - and the then (time 1) clinical symptoms hypokinesia, rigidity, resting tremor, postural tremor (measured by the motor part of the UPDRS scale)?
2. Is there a correlation between the DAT density - measured between 2003 and 2006 - and the actual (year 2010, time 2) clinical symptoms hypokinesia, rigidity, resting tremor, postural tremor?
3. Is there a correlation between the DAT density - measured between 2003 and 2006 - and the change of clinical symptoms hypokinesia, rigidity, resting tremor, postural tremor 2003-2006 versus 2010 (delta = time 2 - time 1).
4. Is there a correlation between the DAT density - measured between 2003 and 2006 - and the actual (year 2010, time 2) cognitive functions (measured by the CERAD)?
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Department of Neurology
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:05-0400
By creating a neurogenebank from Parkinson's disease patients' blood donations we will ultimately be able to define genes for Parkinson's disease and other neurological conditions.
Prospective observational study of Parkinson's disease with repeat clinical assessment and biobanking of blood samples.
The purpose of this study is to determine if the 9zest app for Parkinson's disease is feasible, safe, and efficacious when used independently by individuals with Parkinson's disease.
This is a prospective observational study investigating the utility of 7 Tesla MRI to quantify nigrosome1 signal in a cohort of individuals with recent onset Parkinson's disease and in at-...
The aim of this research is to discover genes which modify risk for Parkinson's disease. The study includes 800 patients with Parkinson's disease, and their estimated 1,222 available sibli...
Mild cognitive impairment is a common feature of Parkinson's disease, even at the earliest disease stages, but there is variation in the nature and severity of cognitive involvement and in the risk of...
To investigate whether diabetes mellitus is associated with Parkinson-like pathology in people without Parkinson disease and to evaluate the effect of diabetes mellitus on markers of Parkinson patholo...
Despite evidence for the benefits of exercise in Parkinson's disease (PD), many patients remain sedentary for undefined reasons.
Parkinson's disease is a severe neurodegenerative disease accompanied with the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the central and peripheral nervous system. The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease c...
Challenges in clinical trial recruitment threaten the successful development of improved therapies. This is particularly true in Parkinson's disease (PD) studies of disease modification where the popu...
Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)
Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)
Parkinson's is a progressive neurological condition, affecting one person in every 500, 95% of which are over 40. It is caused by degeneration of more than 70% of the substantia nigra, which depletes the dopamine (the neurotransmitter involved in pro...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...