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The purpose of this study is to perform a prospective, randomised study investigating the safety and efficacy of cryoballoon catheter ablation compared with radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of paroxysmal AF.
The hypotheses for this study are (1) that cryothermal energy is as effective and safe as using radiofrequency energy in the treatment of paroxysmal AF and is associated with a better long term outcome, and (2) that use of both cryothermy and RF in combination is as effective and safe as using either radiofrequency energy or cryothermy alone and is associated with a better long term outcome.
Pulmonary vein isolation is an important treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly those in whom antiarrhythmic drugs are ineffective or cannot be tolerated. One method involves the use of radiofrequency energy and 3-D mapping system to produce a series of lesions (small burn areas) within the heart. Another method involves passing a balloon (called a cryoballoon) into the heart and freezing the parts of the heart muscle that the veins drain into. Both methods appear to be effective from known data. However, it is not known if use of either method alone or both together is the most effective. We aim to perform a prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing these three strategies. Some patients will also be asked to undergo an MRI scan of the heart before the ablation procedure, and again at three months and one year following the procedure. This will allow us to examine the potential role for MRI in imaging scar tissue formed by the ablation, and help us understand the time course of scar formation and changes to that part of the heart following the ablation.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Atrial fibrillation ablation
Barts and the London NHS Trust
Barts & The London NHS Trust
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:05-0400
Comparison of Effectiveness of Ranolazine Plus Metoprolol Combination vs. FlecainidE pluS Metoprolol Combination in ATrial Fibrillation Recurrences FOllowing PhaRmacological or Electrical CardioverSion of AtRial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice with a prevalence reaching 5% in patients older than 65 years and an incidence that increases progressively with...
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The study is conducted in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing clinically prescribed ablation. The study hypothesis is that ablation at specific sites that are identified to 'driv...
Catheter ablation for rhythm control is recommended in specific patient populations with paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein isolation is the corner...
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We evaluated long-term safety and efficacy of concomitant left atrial appendage (LAA) closure and atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation.
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Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.
A morpholine and thiophene derivative that functions as a FACTOR XA INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment and prevention of DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS and PULMONARY EMBOLISM. It is also used for the prevention of STROKE and systemic embolization in patients with non-valvular ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and for the prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients after an ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...