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Role of Dietary Fatty Acids in Fatty Liver and Insulin Resistance

2014-07-23 21:11:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether substituting saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats reduces fatty liver and improves insulin action and other metabolic variables in abdominally obese subjects

Description

Specific goals:

1. Investigate if substituting saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats reduces steatosis and improves hepatic and/or peripheral insulin action in abdominally obese subjects with type 2 diabetes

2. Investigate if changes of lipogenic enzymes in response to dietary fat intervention are associated with changes in hepatic/peripheral insulin sensitivity or liver fat content

3. Investigate potential mechanism of the effects of dietary fatty acids; e.g. gene expression and lipogenic enzyme activity

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Obesity

Intervention

PUFA Diet, SFA diet

Location

Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala Science Park
Uppsala
Sweden
75185

Status

Completed

Source

Uppsala University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.

Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.

A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.

A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.

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