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Primary aims: To compare changes in (a) symptoms related to cancer and chemotherapy, (b) a marker of immune function (salivary immunoglobulin A), and (c) a hormonal marker of emotional stress (salivary cortisol) between two groups of patients who view a humorous or non-humorous DVD.
Secondary aim: To describe the perception of patients, caregivers, and nurses regarding the overall intervention experience.
Patients were recruited from the Outpatient Oncology (OPO) clinic at QMC. After signing an informed consent, patients receiving intravenous chemotherapy were randomly assigned to view a 45-minute humorous DVD or non-humorous DVD. The following measurements were obtained before and after patients viewed the DVD: Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) and the state portion of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI-S) to assess symptoms related to cancer and chemotherapy, salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) to assess immune function and salivary cortisol to assess emotional stress. In addition, patients, caregivers, and nurses were asked open-ended questions after the intervention to ascertain their impression of the overall intervention experience. Multiple analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) were be used to analyze changes in ESAS, STAI-S, IgA and cortisol within and between the two groups.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Humor intervention, Non-humor intervention (distraction)
The Queen's Medical Center
Queen's Medical Centre
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:05-0400
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A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.
A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.
Works consisting of jokes and facetiae relating to a subject.
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Head and neck cancers
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