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This study is the first-time-in-patient trial of GSK1399686, a novel locally-acting anti-inflammatory compound, aimed at obtaining initial information on the tolerability, safety, pharmacokinetics (including concentrations in colon mucosa) and anti-inflammatory activity of GSK1399686 upon oral dosing in patients with active ulcerative colitis.
The study is designed as a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, sequential dose escalating trial, with an active control (ASACOL) group as internal control. Up to three cohorts (Cohorts 1-3), each consisting of approximately 20 patients with mild-moderately active ulcerative colitis not limited to the rectum, will be included, one for each dose level of GSK1399686 to be tested. Within a cohort, patients will be randomized in a 3:1:1 ratio to receive GSK1399686 (once daily over 4 weeks, followed by 2 weeks dosing with placebo), placebo, or ASACOL (t.i.d. for 6 weeks), respectively.
An interim analysis of fecal markers and disease activity data will be performed by the end of Cohort 3. Based upon results, the study may be stopped or continued by recruiting either Cohort 4 (if data on an additional dose level would be warranted to establish or clarify a dose-response relationship) or, in the case of a robust efficacy signal at any dose level previously studied, Cohort 5 (to expand the sample size for given dose level in order to evaluate the efficacy of GSK1399686). The number of patients and randomization allocation ratio may be altered in Cohort 5 and it may not include an active control arm. If Cohort 4 is initiated upon interim analysis, then a second interim analysis may be performed at the end of Cohort 4, to assess whether progression into Cohort 5 (as defined above) would be justifiable.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
GSK Investigational Site
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:07-0400
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Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
An acute form of MEGACOLON, severe pathological dilatation of the COLON. It is associated with clinical conditions such as ULCERATIVE COLITIS; CROHN DISEASE; AMEBIC DYSENTERY; or CLOSTRIDIUM ENTEROCOLITIS.
A humanized monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to TNF-ALPHA and blocks its interaction with endogenous TNF RECEPTORS to modulate INFLAMMATION. It is used in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS; CROHN'S DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
A surgical procedure involving the excision of the COLON and RECTUM and the formation of an ILEOANAL RESERVOIR (pouch). In patients with intestinal diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, this procedure avoids the need for an OSTOMY by allowing for transanal defecation.