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Adjunctive Photodynamic Therapy in Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis

2014-08-27 03:17:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study is to verify the efficacy of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) as an adjunct to non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis by assessing clinical and microbiological and immunological parameters. This is a randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel clinical trial. Thirty eight patients with chronic periodontitis will receive conventional periodontal treatment. After eight weeks, patients will be re-evaluated and sites with residual pockets (PD ≥ 5 mm ) will be selected as experimental sites, and will be allocated to test and control group randomly. The test group will receive the application of PDT and the control group will receive sham procedure. The clinical parameters will be evaluated at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment. Subgingival plaque will be collected before PDT, a week after, 3, 6 and 12 months later. The microbiological evaluation will detect and quantify periodontal pathogens such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetencomitans with real time-PCR. During follow-up, patients will receive periodontal maintenance every 3 months, as well as the application of PDT or sham

Description

The goal of periodontal treatment is to restore tissue health through the elimination and control of etiologic factors, reducing the microbial aggression. Some microorganisms persist in the root surface even after scraping. Thus, the conventional mechanical treatment may fail to reduce the number of periodontal pathogens to levels compatible with health. This study will verify the efficacy of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) as an adjunct to non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Periodontitis

Intervention

sham procedure, photodynamic therapy

Location

Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo (FOUSP)
São Paulo
SP
Brazil
05508-000

Status

Completed

Source

University of Sao Paulo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:12-0400

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Systemically healthy periodontitis patients were recruited in this single-blind, split-mouth, randomized controlled clinical trial. After SRP, PDT was applied at probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm ...

PubMed Articles [17629 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Treatment of Periodontitis in Smokers with Multiple Sessions of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy or Systemic Antibiotics: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal therapies on smokers with chronic periodontitis, involving multiple adjunctive applications of antimicrobial photodynamic ...

Evaluation of the local effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment with and without systemic antibiotic and photodynamic therapy in generalized aggressive periodontitis. A randomized clinical trial.

This study's aim was to evaluate the local effect of clarithromycin associated with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in the treatment of generalized aggressive periodontitis.

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy for the treatment of periodontitis and peri-implantitis: An American Academy of Periodontology best evidence review.

This systematic review evaluates the efficacy of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT), as an adjunct to non-surgical or surgical therapy, on clinical and patient-centered outcomes in patients wit...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Chronic inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is associated with the amount of DENTAL PLAQUE or DENTAL CALCULUS present. Chronic periodontitis occurs mostly in adults and was called adult periodontitis, but this disease can appear in young people.

The purified component of HEMATOPORPHYRIN DERIVATIVE, it consists of a mixture of oligomeric porphyrins. It is used in photodynamic therapy (HEMATOPORPHYRIN PHOTORADIATION); to treat malignant lesions with visible light and experimentally as an antiviral agent. It is the first drug to be approved in the use of PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY in the United States.

Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)

Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.

A complex mixture of monomeric and aggregated porphyrins used in the photodynamic therapy of tumors (HEMATOPORPHYRIN PHOTORADIATION). A purified component of this mixture is known as DIHEMATOPORPHYRIN ETHER.

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