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The study was conducted to investigate the effect of the probiotic L. paracasei LPC 37 alone or in combination with a calcium supplement of the human microbiota and further physiological parameters.
Animal studies suggest that calcium beneficially influence the microbiota in the gut. This effect of calcium is due to the formation of amorphous calcium phosphate, which has the ability to bind bile acids and other cytotoxic substances in the gut. The precipitation of the cytotoxic substances leads to a less aggressive environment in the gut and might be stimulate the adhesion of the microbiota.
Thirty-two healthy men and women participated in a placebo-controlled, double-blind and cross over human study. The participants were randomly divided into two groups. All probands consumed a probiotic drink for four weeks (10e+10 CFU/d). Additionally, one group consumed a pentacalcium phosphate-enriched bread (1 g Ca/d) and the other group consumed a bread without pentacalcium phosphate. After a two-week wash-out and a two-week placebo period the invention changed for another four weeks (cross over). At the end of each intervention and placebo period, subjects consumed a defined diet for three days. Furthermore, there was a three-day quantitative stool and urine collection and a fasting venous blood sample was taken.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
calcium and probiotic, probiotic, placebo
Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Institute of Nutrition, Department of Nutrional Physiology
University of Jena
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:13-0400
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A species of Bifidobacterium that occurs in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of mammals and healthy humans. It has anti-inflammatory activity and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the GUT MICROBIOTA of healthy humans as well as FERMENTED DAIRY PRODUCTS and fermented vegetables. It is used as a PROBIOTIC.
A species of Lactobacillus that occurs in the human GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the VAGINA of healthy women. It produces LACTIC ACID and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, and is used as a PROBIOTIC. It is also used for the treatment and prevention of BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS.
A species of Bifidobacterium that occurs in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of mammals and healthy humans from birth until late adulthood. It produces ANTI-VIRAL AGENTS and ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AGENTS and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
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