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The Effect of Probiotics (VSL) on Portal Hypertension

2014-08-27 03:17:13 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The investigators will address the hypothesis that portal hypertension is mediated in part by bacterial or endotoxin translocation and the production of inflammatory mediators (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), etc.). The investigators hypothesize that food supplementation with the probiotic product VSL#3 in patients with Child Pugh B/C cirrhosis will have a beneficial effect on in portal pressure (as measured by the HVPG) by reducing inflammatory mediators and improving systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics.

Description

We have recently completed an open-label uncontrolled trial of the probiotic VSL#3 in 8 patients with compensated cirrhosis and evidence of portal hypertension (VIP study) to determine whether this agent would have beneficial effects in portal pressure reduction (unpublished data Tandon, P. et al.). The open label design and the inclusion of compensated (Child Pugh A) cirrhotic patients in this initial study were chosen to confirm the safety and tolerance of VSL#3 and the safety of the portal pressure measurements at our center. No changes of physical status occured. There was a non-significant reduction in portal pressure from 19.7 to 18.1 mm Hg after 2 months of VSL#3 supplementation. Furthermore, there was a significant reduction in the serum aldosterone level (p=0.03). IL-8 levels were reduced in 4/6 patients analyzed to date. These results suggest that VSL#3 results in cytokine reduction and an improvement in the effective circulating volume even in these well-compensated cirrhotic patients. The comparison of the rest of the pro-inflammatory mediators and stool microflora is still being analyzed.

The data in our initial study is very promising. As our patients were compensated cirrhotics with normal intestinal permeability and only mild baseline perturbations in hepatic function parameters (INR, bilirubin, albumin) and neurohormonal markers (aldosterone, renin), it is not surprising that a reduction in portal pressure was not identified. Consistent with previous studies however, these local results confirm the safety and tolerance of both VSL#3 as well as portal pressure measurements in cirrhotic patients (20,24,25).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Health Services Research

Conditions

Portal Hypertension

Intervention

Probiotic

Location

University of Alberta
Edmonton
Alberta
Canada
T6G 2C8

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Alberta

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:13-0400

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PubMed Articles [2437 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Performance of spleen stiffness measurement in prediction of clinical significant portal hypertension: A meta-analysis.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).

Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.

A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).

Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.

Surgical venous shunt between the portal and systemic circulation to effect decompression of the portal circulation. It is performed primarily in the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices resulting from portal hypertension. Types of shunt include portacaval, splenorenal, mesocaval, splenocaval, left gastric-caval (coronary-caval), portarenal, umbilicorenal, and umbilicocaval.

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