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RATIONALE: Use of a web-based risk assessment tool may help improve screening rates for colorectal cancer.
- To assess whether screening rates for colorectal cancer (CRC) can be substantially increased among adults in primary care through the use of a personal electronic health record that provides a link to a validated web-based tool to estimate an individual's risk of CRC and electronic scheduling of CRC screening exams.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Participants are stratified according to participating Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates (HVMA) center. Participants are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
- Intervention arm: Participants receive an electronic message within their MyHealth account on behalf of their primary care physician providing a link to a web-based tool to allow them to assess their personal risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The tool provides an estimate of an individual's personal risk of developing different types of cancer over the next 10 years relative to others of the same age and sex. The tool also recommends steps that individuals can take to reduce their risk. The tool includes questions about family history; prior screening tests; dietary habits (red meat, fruits, and vegetables); weight and height; and use of folate, aspirin, estrogen therapy, alcohol, and tobacco. In addition, the electronic message provides information regarding options for CRC screening, emphasizing colonoscopy every 10 years per the current HVMA guidelines, followed by the secondary recommendation of annual fecal occult blood testing. Detailed information is provided in the form of a link to online educational materials. Participants may request either colonoscopy or fecal occult blood testing by responding to the electronic message and indicating their preference. Participants who request colonoscopy are contacted by the gastroenterology department to proceed with CRC screening; participants who request fecal occult blood testing will receive a stool card test kit in the mail from their primary care physician.
- Control arm: Participants receive no intervention.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Screening
educational intervention, internet-based intervention, evaluation of cancer risk factors, fecal occult blood test, screening colonoscopy
Harvard Medical School
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:16-0400
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