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B type chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most prevalent leukemia in the western world. It is a disease that occurs primarily in aging individuals and occurs more frequently in males than females. Although B-CLL was considered a homogeneous condition, recent studies by our laboratory and others suggest that B-CLL cases can be divided into two subgroups.
These sub-groups can be identified by either the presence or the absence of mutations in antibody genes and/or by the percentage of B-CLL cells expressing a particular protein called CD38. These two sub-groups (unmutated antibody genes high percent CD38 and mutated antibody genes low percentage CD38) follow strikingly clinically different courses. For example, the unmutated/CD38+ group experiences a much more aggressive disease and these patients almost invariably die much sooner than the cases in the other group. In addition, the patients in the mutated CD38+ group require much more chemotherapy than mutatedlCD38-. Finally, surprisingly there is a much higher representation of males in the poor outcome unmutated CD38 group than in the better outcome group. The reasons for these differences in clinical outcome and gender bias are unknown.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Feinstein Institute for Medical research
North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:19-0400
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia. B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most prevalent leukemia in the Western Hemisphere, accounting for ~25% of all leukemia's. It represents a ...
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A chronic leukemia characterized by abnormal B-lymphocytes and often generalized lymphadenopathy. In patients presenting predominately with blood and bone marrow involvement it is called chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); in those predominately with enlarged lymph nodes it is called small lymphocytic lymphoma. These terms represent spectrums of the same disease.
A chronic leukemia characterized by a large number of circulating prolymphocytes. It can arise spontaneously or as a consequence of transformation of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
A lymphoid leukemia characterized by a profound LYMPHOCYTOSIS with or without LYMPHADENOPATHY, hepatosplenomegaly, frequently rapid progression, and short survival. It was formerly called T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
A pathologic change in leukemia in which leukemic cells permeate various organs at any stage of the disease. All types of leukemia show various degrees of infiltration, depending upon the type of leukemia. The degree of infiltration may vary from site to site. The liver and spleen are common sites of infiltration, the greatest appearing in myelocytic leukemia, but infiltration is seen also in the granulocytic and lymphocytic types. The kidney is also a common site and of the gastrointestinal system, the stomach and ileum are commonly involved. In lymphocytic leukemia the skin is often infiltrated. The central nervous system too is a common site.
A basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays a critical role in HEMATOPOIESIS and as a positive regulator in the differentiation of ERYTHROID CELLS. Chromosome translocations involving the TAL-1 gene are associated with T-CELL ACUTE LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
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