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Longitudinal Impact of Adjuvant Chemotherapy on Functional Status, Comorbidity and Quality of Life

2014-08-27 03:17:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of this study is to increase our understanding of the adjuvant chemotherapy experience in older and younger adults by prospectively describing the longitudinal trajectory of functional status, comorbidity, and quality of life from before the initiation of chemotherapy to 6 months after the completion of treatment in older (65 and older) and younger (under 65) adults. In addition, we will determine the effect of pre-treatment physical functioning on physical recovery after the course of adjuvant chemotherapy. The secondary objective of this study is to explore if factors other than chronological age (functional status, co-morbid medical conditions, nutritional status, psychological state, cognitive function, and social support) predicts which patients are more likely to experience morbidity (defined as grade 3-5 toxicity, hospitalization, dose reduction or delay, or premature discontinuation of chemotherapy course) from adjuvant chemotherapy.

Description

60% of all cancers and 70% of cancer mortality occur in people greater than 65 years of age, defining cancer as a disease of older adults. Breast cancer is no exception to this rule where almost half of all new breast cancers in the United States are diagnosed in women 65 years of age or older1. Despite the association between cancer and aging, treatment recommendations and data acquired from prospective clinical trials in older women with breast cancer are sparse. As a result, physicians and older adults have limited data to guide treatment recommendation, make dose adjustments and manage toxicities in older adults. Aging is invariably associated with changes in physiology which can impact the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cancer therapy. The potential for increased toxic effects in the older patient becomes an important concern. Therefore, it may not be reasonable to extrapolate data regarding toxicity from clinical trials, which primarily include younger, healthier patients. In addition, the age-related impact of adjuvant therapy on the functional status and quality of life of older versus younger adults has not been rigorously evaluated, and risk factors for toxicity, other than chronological age, need to be studied among older adults receiving anthracycline and non-anthracycline based chemotherapy regimens.

The goal of this study is to prospectively describe the longitudinal trajectory of functional status, comorbidity, and quality of life from before the initiation of chemotherapy to 6 months after the completion of treatment in older (65 and older) and younger (under 65) adults. We will determine the effect of pre-treatment physical functioning on physical recovery (ie, physical function at end of chemotherapy and 6 months later) after the course of adjuvant chemotherapy. In addition, we will explore if factors other than chronological age (functional status, comorbid medical conditions, nutritional status, psychological state, cognitive function, and social support) predict which patients are more likely to experience treatment morbidity (defined as grade 3-5 toxicity, hospitalization or urgent care visits, dose reduction or delay, or premature discontinuation of the planned chemotherapy course)

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Location

City of Hope
Duarte
California
United States
91010

Status

Recruiting

Source

City of Hope Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:20-0400

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