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Yoga for Smoking Cessation Feasibility Study

2014-07-23 21:11:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to test whether it is feasible to provide a smoking cessation program together with a yoga program to help women quit smoking. We anticipate that women will be enthusiastic about the program and that we will be able to recruit and treat women for smoking cessation within the designated time frame.

Description

Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among adults in the United States. Smoking, and quitting smoking may be especially problematic for women. Our prior research has demonstrated that traditional aerobic exercise (e.g., brisk walking, bicycling) improves cessation outcomes among women. Exercise appears to reduce the effects of nicotine withdrawal and improves cessation outcomes by improving mood and reducing weight gain. yoga that shares many of the same properties of the traditional aerobic exercise that has been shown to be an efficacious adjunct to smoking cessation treatment. Moreover, some features of yoga, including a focus on breathing, meditation, stress reduction and enhanced mood are likely to have special relevance to smokers who are trying to quit. Thus, yoga may prove to be a more efficacious complimentary treatment for smoking cessation than traditional aerobic exercise.

The goal of this proposal is to conduct an initial investigation of the efficacy of providing Yoga as an adjunct to cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for smoking cessation. Adult women smokers (n=72) will be recruited through newspaper advertisements and will be randomly assigned to either: (1) CBT plus Yoga , or (2) CBT plus contact control. All study participants will be given a sub-maximal exercise stress test to ensure that they are safe to exercise. Yoga sessions will be conducted twice weekly for 12 weeks, and will be lead by certified instructors in yoga. Smoking cessation sessions will be conducted once per week for 12 weeks and will be lead by Masters or PhD level specialists in smoking cessation. Differences in post-treatment (12 week) cessation rates (7-day point prevalence abstinence) will provide data for estimates of effect size between conditions. This effect size estimate is necessary in order to calculate power estimates for a major clinical trial.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Smoking Cessation

Intervention

Yoga, Wellness, Smoking cessation therapy

Location

The Miriam Hospital
Providence
Rhode Island
United States
02903

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

The Miriam Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:25-0400

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PubMed Articles [9891 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Among people living with HIV, cigarette smoking rates are higher than among the general population, and anxiety, depression, and their disorders are common and associated with smoking and poorer outco...

Associations of the Stoptober smoking cessation program with information seeking for smoking cessation: A Google trends study.

The national smoking cessation program Stoptober was introduced in October 2012 in England and in October 2014 in the Netherlands. There is little evidence on the extent to which the Stoptober program...

Algorithm for resolving discrepancies between claims for smoking cessation pharmacotherapies during pregnancy and smoking status in delivery records: The impact on estimates of utilisation.

The linkage of routine data collections are valuable for population-based evaluation of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in pregnancy where little is known about the utilisation or safety of these ph...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.

Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.

Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.

A benzazepine derivative that functions as an ALPHA4/BETA2 NICOTINIC RECEPTOR partial agonist. It is used for SMOKING CESSATION.

A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment.

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