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This is a multicenter, observational, open-label study. Patients meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria will receive treatment with treprostinil as recommended by their treating physician and will follow patients according to standard of care. This observational study proposes to collect clinical data and biologic specimens from patients who will be treated for Portopulmonary Hypertension, with a goal of achieving hemodynamic parameters acceptable for liver transplantation.
Portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) is characterized by the presence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in the setting of portal hypertension, and is considered the third most common cause of PAH[, [2)). Approximately 2 to 6% of patients with portal hypertension demonstrate significant pulmonary hypertension based on hemodynamic observation[, , [5)). In those patients undergoing liver transplant evaluation, the prevalence of PAH is approximately 5-6%[, , [7)). PoPH is associated with a median survival ranging from 8 months to 2.3 years.
Among patients undergoing liver transplantation, the presence of PoPH contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality[, , [10)). In particular, patients with PoPH who undergo OLT with mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPm) > 35 mmHg and/or pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) > 250 dyn/s/cm5 have > 90% risk of death posttransplant[[8)). As such, in many transplant centers, the presence of severe PoPH ((PAPm) > 35 mmHg and/or pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) > 250 dyn/s/cm5) is considered an absolute contraindication to OLT[, , [12)). These patients thus have limited treatment options.
To date, pulmonary vasodilator medication use in the setting of PoPH has largely been limited to single case reports or small case series. These include intravenous (IV)/inhaled prostacyclin, sildenafil and bosentan [, , , , , , [21)). More recently, encouraging results have been published in open label studies with the use of IV epoprostenol which was shown to improve pulmonary hemodynamics and possibly survival [, , [22)). Specifically, in patients with severe PoPH who were referred for OLT, initiation of IV epoprostenol allowed for mPA < 35 mmHg in certain cases, allowing a successful bridge to OLT [, [22)).
Treprostinil is approved as a continuous subcutaneous (SC) or intravenous (IV) infusion by the FDA for the treatment of WHO group I PAH with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II, III or IV symptomatology[, [14)). To date, treprostinil has not been studied in the setting of PoPH; however, it is commonly prescribed in this setting. This is an observational, open-label, multi-center study will attempt to document the safety and efficacy profile of this agent in PoPH to facilitate OLT efficacy profile of this agent in PoPH to facilitate OLT.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:25-0400
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A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A prostaglandin that is a powerful vasodilator and inhibits platelet aggregation. It is biosynthesized enzymatically from PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDES in human vascular tissue. The sodium salt has been also used to treat primary pulmonary hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PULMONARY).
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.
Familial pseudoaldosteronism characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance of hypertension with HYPOKALEMIA; ALKALOSIS; RENIN and ALDOSTERONE level decreases. It is caused by mutations in EPITHELIAL SODIUM CHANNEL beta and gamma subunits. Different mutations in the same EPITHELIAL SODIUM CHANNEL subunits can cause PSEUDOHYPOALDOSTERONISM, TYPE I, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT.
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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...