Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This is a randomised controlled double blinded clinical trial to determine the antiemetic efficacy and safety of either 8 mg of dexamethasone or normal saline (placebo) given 1 hour before induction of either spinal or general anaesthesia in 2 arms (of 150 each).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
dexamethasone, normal saline
Mulago National Refferal Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:25-0400
Adeno-tonsillectomy is a commonly performed surgical procedure in children.Main morbidities are postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, and haemorrhage.Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory dru...
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are the most common and distressing side effects following Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common postoperative complications of general anesthesia in pediatrics. Pediatric rates of nausea and vomiting are approximately...
Effect of intravenous versus intra-peritoneal dexamethasone on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting following Laparoscopic gynecological surgeries.
We hypothesize that the combination of aprepitant with dexamethasone will provide significantly improved prophylaxis against Postoperative nausea and vomiting compared with the combination...
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of intraperitoneal versus intravenous dexamethasone for the reduction of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after gynecological laparoscopic surger...
Dexamethasone Reduces the Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Children Undergoing Endoscopic Adenoidectomy under General Anesthesia Without Increasing the Risk of Postoperative Hemorrhage.
BACKGROUND Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication of pediatric anesthesia, but the overall incidence of PONV in patients undergoing adenoidectomy is unknown. The aim of this...
Nausea and vomiting are common postoperative complications that occur within the first 24 h in adults. Clinical practice guidelines and a Cochrane review recommend stimulating the P6 acupoint to pre...
Chronic Atypical Antipsychotic Use Is Associated With Reduced Need for Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Rescue in the Postanesthesia Care Unit: A Propensity-Matched Retrospective Observational Study.
Atypical antipsychotics are efficacious for chemoprophylaxis against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, but perioperative investigations have been scant. We sought to examine the association be...
This study was aimed to compare the effects of ondansetron, haloperidol, and dexmedetomidine for reducing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.
Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.
Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING. Antiemetics act by a wide range of mechanisms. Some act on the medullary control centers (the vomiting center and the chemoreceptive trigger zone) while others affect the peripheral receptors.
Symptoms of NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnant women that usually occur in the morning during the first 2 to 3 months of PREGNANCY. Severe persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM.
A histamine H1 antagonist given by mouth or parenterally for the control of postoperative and drug-induced vomiting and in motion sickness. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p935)
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...