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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of pre-surgical patients who are MRSA carriers. From an evidence-based practice perspective, findings from this study can be considered in the evaluation of the hospital SOP mandating pre-surgical MRSA screening requirements for patients with scheduled surgeries.
The central hypothesis to be addressed in this study is whether the MRSA colonization and subsequent post-operative infection are the equivalent in these populations.
Design and Methods: Subjects in this study of 975 pre-operative, scheduled surgical patients are in one of the three following groups:
- Group 1 (N=325): Allocation sample of surgical patients required to be MRSA screened per hospital SOP (including patients having a positive MRSA history, orthopedic surgery, undergoing dialysis, or transfer from another hospital, nursing home, skilled nursing facility, or jail).
- Group 2 (N=650): Randomized sample (1:1 ratio) of surgical patients not required to be MRSA screened per hospital SOP, to one of the following two groups:
- 2a (N=325): MRSA screening; or
- 2b (N=325): No MRSA screening. All subjects were followed for 30 days post-operatively to determine the incidence of post-operative infection. Treatment, diagnostic, and hospitalization data were collected for patients diagnosed with post-operative infection.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection
Preoperative MRSA screening
Inova Health Care Services
Inova Health Care Services
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:25-0400
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A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, but containing different esterases. The subspecies Staphylococcus hominis novobiosepticus is highly virulent and novobiocin resistant.
A 25-kDa peptidase produced by Staphylococcus simulans which cleaves a glycine-glcyine bond unique to an inter-peptide cross-bridge of the STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS cell wall. EC 22.214.171.124.
Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
An infection of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue that consists of a cluster of boils. Commonly, the causative agent is STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS. Carbuncles produce fever, leukocytosis, extreme pain, and prostration.
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