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Mechanically Ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) often present with fever, and purulent sputum, but without radiological evidence of pneumonia.
These patients may have tracheobronchitis. Some suspect that this condition precedes the development of pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment in tracheobronchitis is controversial.
The investigators will recruit patients with tracheobronchitis and randomize them into 2 groups. One group will be treated with antibiotics and the other group will serve as control.
Patients with proved tracheobronchitis who are mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hrs, will undergo a CT scan to rool our pneumonia that may not be seen on a routine chest x-ray.
After ruling out pneumonia by CT scan, patients will be randomized into 2 groups. Intervention group will receive 7 days of treatment with Piperacillin/Tazobactam. A control group will receive nothing.
Primary endpoint wil be the rate of new pneumonias and secondary endpoint will be ICU Length of stay, days on mechanical ventilation and 28 day mortality.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Piperacillin/Tazobactam for 7 days
Assaf Harofe MC
Assaf-Harofeh Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:26-0400
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