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The Impact of Electroencephalographic (EEG) Seizure Treatment in Neonatal Encephalopathy

2014-08-27 03:17:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a prospective, randomized, single-center pilot trial of term and near term (≥ 36 weeks gestation) infants with encephalopathy or seizures comparing a "EEG Seizure Treatment Group" or ESG with a "Clinical Seizure Treatment Group" or CSG.

The investigators hypothesize that the accurate detection and treatment of EEG seizures will decrease the seizure burden and improve outcomes in newborn infants with seizures and/or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).

Description

This is a prospective, randomized, pilot trial of term and near term (≥ 36 weeks gestation) infants with encephalopathy or seizures comparing a "EEG Seizure Treatment Group" or ESG with a "Clinical Seizure Treatment Group" or CSG. Eligibility is based on clinical criteria for moderate/severe encephalopathy or seizures. We will recruit near term or term infants (≥ 36 weeks gestation) with a diagnosis of seizures or encephalopathy admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at St. Louis Children's Hospital within the first 72 hours of life. Infants will be randomized into an EEG Seizure Treatment Group (ESG) or a Clinical Seizure Treatment Group (CSG) (n=20 in each group). Patients in both groups will have EEG monitoring. While treating physicians will have access to EEG data in the ESG, no EEG data in the CSG will be available to the clinician for treatment of seizures. AED treatment will be initiated/escalated using stringent EEG seizure criteria (EST) or clinical criteria (CST) with the goal being seizure cessation. The specific AED, dosage, and duration of treatment is standardized in both groups. Monitoring will continue for a period of upto 96 hours in both arms. Other than the anticonvulsant drugs, treatment thresholds and dosing schedules, treatment in both arms will be at the discretion of the bedside physician.All infants will undergo an assessment of neuromotor disability and neurodevelopmental evaluation at 18 to 24 months.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Seizures

Intervention

EEG monitoring and treatment of EEG seizures

Location

St. Louis Children's Hospital
St. Louis
Missouri
United States
63110

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Washington University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:26-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An anticonvulsant especially useful in the treatment of absence seizures unaccompanied by other types of seizures.

An anticonvulsant used for several types of seizures, including myotonic or atonic seizures, photosensitive epilepsy, and absence seizures, although tolerance may develop. It is seldom effective in generalized tonic-clonic or partial seizures. The mechanism of action appears to involve the enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID receptor responses.

Seizures that occur during a febrile episode. It is a common condition, affecting 2-5% of children aged 3 months to five years. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been identified in some families. The majority are simple febrile seizures (generally defined as generalized onset, single seizures with a duration of less than 30 minutes). Complex febrile seizures are characterized by focal onset, duration greater than 30 minutes, and/or more than one seizure in a 24 hour period. The likelihood of developing epilepsy (i.e., a nonfebrile seizure disorder) following simple febrile seizures is low. Complex febrile seizures are associated with a moderately increased incidence of epilepsy. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p784)

A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)

One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)

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