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Evaluation of Circulating Levels of Adult Stem Cells in the Peripheral Blood of Patients With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure and Following Stabilization, in Comparison With Healthy Volunteers

2014-08-27 03:17:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Despite advances in medical technology, heart failure remains a major cause of illness on a global scale. Medical research, over recent years, has shown that adult stem cells (as opposed to embryonic stem cells) are present in most organs of adult humans. Their exact function is however poorly understood. An improved understanding of what these stem cells do and how they work is essential if effective stem cell treatments are to be developed in future.

The project seeks to examine the levels of a number of different types of stem cells in patients with heart failure, compared to healthy volunteers. The project also aims to measure stem cell levels in patients with heart failure at the time of a sudden worsening in their condition and then later in the same patients following recovery.

The project entails the taking of blood samples in order to measure the stem cell levels in the blood. The study does NOT involve any form of treatment with stem cells. Two groups of patients will be studied; patients with heart failure and healthy volunteers.

Description

Despite advances in medical technology, heart failure remains a major cause of illness on a global scale. The quest for understanding this condition and developing new treatment strategies has led to the consideration of stem cells as a possible therapy. Medical research, over recent years, has shown that adult stem cells (as opposed to embryonic stem cells) are present in most organs of adult humans. Their exact function is however poorly understood. An improved understanding of what these stem cells do and how they work is essential if effective stem cell treatments are to be developed in future.

A number of stem cell research groups around the world have found that adult stem cells circulate in the blood of humans. These circulating cells are likely to have entered the bloodstream from the bone marrow and are thought to be traveling in the blood to get to other body organs where they may help repair damaged tissue. Interestingly, the levels of these circulating stem cells have been found to be different in healthy people compared to those with various diseases, including heart attacks and heart failure. This has lead researchers to think that these stem cells may play an important role in how the human body fights these diseases.

To date, levels of only one type of stem cell have been measured in patients with heart failure. Also, no one has studied stem cell levels in patients with heart failure at the time of a sudden worsening in their condition and then later in the same patients following recovery. This information would be very valuable in expanding scientific knowledge of these stem cells and how they behave in the different stages of heart disease.

The project seeks to examine the levels of a number of different types of stem cells in patients with heart failure, compared to healthy volunteers. The project also aims to measure stem cell levels in patients with heart failure at the time of a sudden worsening in their condition and then later in the same patients following recovery.

The project entails the taking of blood samples in order to measure the stem cell levels in the blood. The study does NOT involve any form of treatment with stem cells. Two groups of patients will be studied; patients with heart failure and healthy volunteers. Following the obtainment of informed consent, a screening history, physical examination and routine blood tests will be performed. After this, a 50ml sample of blood will be taken from the study participant. This is equivalent to 10 teaspoonfuls of blood. The 50ml blood sample obtained will then be taken immediately to the laboratory for analysis.

In the case of patients with heart failure, in order to measure stem cell blood levels after recovery, one additional blood sample will be obtained; a 50ml blood sample just before the patient is sent home from hospital.

Patients with heart failure will be identified by health care staff at the Alfred Hospital. Healthy volunteers will be identified by use of a database of healthy volunteers who have expressed interest in participating in clinical studies. Potential study participants will be initially approached and provided with written information. If the potential participant wishes to proceed with the study, this involves one outpatient hospital visit for healthy volunteers. For patients with heart failure, the study involves two visits by study staff during the hospital admission.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Heart Failure

Location

Alfred Hospital
Melbourne
Victoria
Australia
3004

Status

Recruiting

Source

Monash University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:26-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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