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Identification Of Blood Markers For Asymptomatic Ventricular Dysfunction

2014-08-27 03:17:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The diagnosis of asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction is difficult in general practice since it requires transthoracic cardiac echocardiograpy that is generally performed in specialized services. Although blood BNP levels monitoring can be of some help in heart failure diagnosis is is mostly a late biomarker that is secreted upon heart stretch and has many limitations. Therefore the aim of this study is to identify new specific blood biomarkers that would help for asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction diagnosis in large populations with cardiovascular risk.

Description

Recognition of asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction (ALVD) and early stages of heart failure (HF) are a diagnostic challenge for physicians. Patient history and physical examination may fail to provide a definitive diagnosis; additional testing are required to aid in diagnosis. More than 20 million people worldwide are estimated to have HF. Despite recent therapeutic advances, morbidity and mortality after the onset of heart failure remain high (35 % at 5 years after diagnosis). In addition, the annual cost of heart failure is estimated to be greater than that of myocardial infarction and all cancers combined. Consequently, prevention of heart failure through identification and management of risk factors and preclinical phases of the disease is a priority. Clearly identification of asymptomatic patients is difficult but would prevent further development of HF by initiation of early adapted medical and non medical treatment.

We propose to search for markers of ALVD, in patients that have cardiovascular risk factors. These new biomarkers should be earlier, more specific and more accurate than the one that we already have such as B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), which is the most recently, established. BNP has been clearly associated with HF but is a relatively late stage marker for HF and is not specific for HF. In addition BNP has been shown to be a poor marker in obese or diabetic patients. Therefore the need of early specific biomarkers for LVD before HF is irreversibly initiated is strong.

We propose to compare blood samples from 5 groups of patients carefully defined: 1) without cardiovascular risk factors ; 2) With cardiovascular risk factors and without ALVD; 3) With cardiovascular risk factors and with ALVD. 4) chronic heart failure patients ; 5) Acute heart failure patients. Groups will be matched for risk factors and treatments.

Three distinct approaches will be performed: - A transcriptomic one that will monitor white blood cell transcriptome ; a proteomic one that will use high throughput SELDI-TOF profiling and a metabolic profiling one using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control

Conditions

Heart Failure

Location

Hospital from Toulouse Rangueil, Pr Galinier department (Cardiology A)
Toulouse
Midi-Pyrénées
France
31432

Status

Recruiting

Source

Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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