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Strategies to Improve Prescribing in Heart Failure Patients

2014-08-27 03:17:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the study is to assess whether primary care physicians may uptitrate recommended drug therapies in stable heart failure patients if educational material and specialist support including phone or mail consultation are provided

Description

Heart failure is highly prevalent, particularly in elderly subjects, and costly, mainly because of the high rate of recurrent hospital admissions. Although guideline-recommended treatments, such as beta-blockers and renin-angiotensin inhibitors, are effective on both mortality and morbidity, these drugs are very often underprescribed or used at lower doses than those shown to be beneficial in clinical trials, particularly in the primary care setting, for fear of adverse events. Although referral to specialist services may improve prescription of recommended drugs and doses achieved, frequent consultations may be unfeasible and costly.The study is designed to assess whether active specialist support and educational material improve the prescription process for heart failure patients in primary care

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Health Services Research

Conditions

Chronic Heart Failure

Intervention

Strategy for assisted uptitration, Usual care

Location

Azienda Opsedaliera Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda
Milano
MI
Italy
20162

Status

Recruiting

Source

Niguarda Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A strategy for purchasing health care in a manner which will obtain maximum value for the price for the purchasers of the health care and the recipients. The concept was developed primarily by Alain Enthoven of Stanford University and promulgated by the Jackson Hole Group. The strategy depends on sponsors for groups of the population to be insured. The sponsor, in some cases a health alliance, acts as an intermediary between the group and competing provider groups (accountable health plans). The competition is price-based among annual premiums for a defined, standardized benefit package. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)

Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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