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Vago-sympathetic activity, arterial stiffness and endothelial function are integrators of cardiovascular risk. The aim of this pilot study is, in type 2 diabetic patients now requiring insulin, to compare the effects of improving glycemic control on these parameters with 3 different insulin regimens which will act especially at fasting or in post-prandial periods or both. Non invasive explorations will be performed before randomization and after 4 to 5 weeks of insulin therapy, at fasting and each hour after a standardized breakfast.
Vago-sympathetic activity, arterial stiffness and endothelial function are integrators of cardiovascular risk. The effect of controlling fasting or post-prandial blood glucose or both on these parameters has not been studied in type 2 diabetic patients.
The aim of this pilot study is to compare the effects of improving fasting or post-prandial blood glucose glycemic control or both with 3 different insulin regimens for 4 to 5 weeks, on vago-sympathetic activity, arterial stiffness and endothelial function.
Patients will be recruited in the department of Endocrinology-Diabetology-Nutrition of Jean VERDIER hospital, AP-HP, and the department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of AVICENNE hospital, BOBIGNY, AP-HP, France. After an half day of cardiovascular explorations, 42 patients will be randomized in 3 groups determining their treatment for the following 4-5 weeks : insulin therapy with detemir at dinner or bed time, or with aspart at each meal, or with both of them.
Investigations will be performed in the morning 1) at the time of randomisation and 2) 4-5 weeks after the beginning of insulin therapy. We will evaluate at fasting and each hour after a standardized breakfast biological and metabolic parameters, arterial stiffness, endothelial function and nervous autonomic system with non-invasive devices: Sphygmocor®, Finapres®, laser-doppler et Endopat2000®. Body composition will be evaluated with impedance maestri and BodPod®.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes
Jean Verdier hospital, Department of Endocrinology-Diabetology-Nutrition
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:40-0400
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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
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