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Open Pilot Trial of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Using Alternative Electrode Montages

2014-08-27 03:17:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Among antidepressant treatments, ECT stands as the most effective in treating acute depression. However, patient concerns with the cognitive side effects of ECT have encouraged the development of new and more focal forms of brain stimulation such as transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Our current study of tDCS as a treatment for depression suggests that this technique has antidepressant effects and is safe, painless and well tolerated. However, not all patients may respond to this treatment in the way that it is currently administered and the concern of possible relapse in some patients who respond to tDCS has raised interest in finding alternative, possibly more optimal ways of administering tDCS. This study will investigate whether using alternative electrode montages can improve the antidepressant effects of tDCS in people suffering from depression.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Major Depression

Intervention

tDCS (Eldith DC-Stimulator (CE certified))

Location

Black Dog Institute, University of New South Wales
Sydney
New South Wales
Australia
2031

Status

Recruiting

Source

The University of New South Wales

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.

The prototypical tricyclic antidepressant. It has been used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. It has less sedative effect than some other members of this therapeutic group.

A propylamine formed from the cyclization of the side chain of amphetamine. This monoamine oxidase inhibitor is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in panic and phobic disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)

An MAO inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in the treatment of panic disorder and the phobic disorders. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)

Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.

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