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Catheter-based Cardiac Repair Cell (CRC) Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Due to Dilated Cardiomyopathy

2014-07-23 21:11:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is designed to assess the safety profile and the efficacy of cardiac repair cells (CRCs) administered via catheter in treating patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).

Description

Heart failure remains a major public health problem, affecting 5 million patients in the US, with 550,000 new diagnoses made each year (Hunt SA; et al., 2005). Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in persons over 65 years of age with cost exceeding $29 billion annually. Prognosis is very poor once a patient has been hospitalized with heart failure. The mortality risk after heart failure hospitalization is 11.3% at 30 days, 33.1% at 1 year and well over 50% within 5 years (Hunt SA; et al., 2005). These numbers emphasize the need to develop and implement more effective treatments to manage heart failure.

Aastrom is targeting a subset of heart failure patient population, namely those diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) as a cardiac condition wherein a ventricular chamber exhibits increased diastolic and systolic volume and a low (<40%) ejection fraction (Manolio TA; et al., 1992; Towbin JA; et al., 2006). DCM is reported to affect 108,000 to 150,000 patients in the United States (Richardson P; et al., 1996; Towbin JA; et al., 2006).

This study is a prospective, stratified, randomized, open-label, controlled, multi-center study to assess the safety profile and the efficacy of CRCs administered via catheter in treating patients with DCM. Two strata will be used: ischemic (IDCM) and non-ischemic (NIDCM). Within each stratum, patients will be randomized to receive either CRC treatment or control in a 2:1 ratio (8 patients per CRC treatment group and 4 patients per control group). It will enroll a total of 24 patients at 2 sites in the U.S.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Intervention

Cardiac Repair Cells (CRCs)

Location

Minneapolis Heart Institute
Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
55407

Status

Recruiting

Source

Aastrom Biosciences

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:41-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).

Inflammatory processes of the muscular walls of the heart (MYOCARDIUM) which result in injury to the cardiac muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Manifestations range from subclinical to sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN). Myocarditis in association with cardiac dysfunction is classified as inflammatory CARDIOMYOPATHY usually caused by INFECTION, autoimmune diseases, or responses to toxic substances. Myocarditis is also a common cause of DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY and other cardiomyopathies.

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, and HEART FAILURE. Risk factors include SMOKING; ALCOHOL DRINKING; HYPERTENSION; INFECTION; PREGNANCY; and mutations in the LMNA gene encoding LAMIN TYPE A, a NUCLEAR LAMINA protein.

One of the three polypeptide chains that make up the TROPONIN complex. It is a cardiac-specific protein that binds to TROPOMYOSIN. It is released from damaged or injured heart muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Defects in the gene encoding troponin T result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.

An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.

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