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Study of Self or Clinic Administration of DepoProvera

2014-07-23 21:11:43 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DepoProvera) is an acceptable form of contraception for many women. However, difficulty in access may cause many women to discontinue use, often without the use of another effective method of contraception, thereby leaving them vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. This study will randomly assign women who present for contraceptive services to two groups: self or clinic administered SC DMPA. The participants will be followed for one year to compare continuation rates, acceptability, cost effectiveness, evidence of skin changes, and need for continued support between the two groups.

Description

Unintended pregnancy remains a worldwide problem in both developed and developing countries. In 2001, 49% of pregnancies in the United States were unintended. Moreover, more than 6 million women annually are at high risk of becoming unintentionally pregnant because of a gap in contraceptive use, and disadvantaged women are more likely to have more difficulty than others with continuous method use. Multiple strategies have been explored and implemented to increase the effective usage of contraception, including promoting the use of longer acting reversible contraceptives.

Difficulty in access to depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) remains a problem. With the advent of a subcutaneous formulation of DMPA, administration outside of the clinical setting is possible. The acceptability of self administered DMPA has also been reviewed, with favorable outcomes; however, the actual intervention has not been studied.

This study will recruit women presenting for abortion or contraceptive services at the Columbia University and New York Presbyterian affiliated Family Planning Clinic and Special Gynecology Services who desire DMPA for contraception. Women will be randomized to two groups: self administration of SC DMPA or clinic administration of SC DMPA. The primary objective of this study is to compare the continuation rates of SC DMPA between the self and clinic administration groups at 6 months. Secondary outcomes include participant satisfaction, cost effectiveness of self-injected use of DMPA, baseline predictors of method continuation or discontinuation, evidence of persistent skin changes following administration of SC DMPA, and need for continued clinical support.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Contraception

Intervention

Medroxyprogesterone 17-Acetate, Medroxyprogesterone 17-Acetate

Location

Columbia University/New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York
New York
United States
10032

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:43-0400

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Women's satisfaction, use, storage, and disposal of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) during a randomized trial.

To describe women's experiences with subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) to inform scale-up of self-administered DMPA-SC.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of acetate esters and water to alcohols and acetate. EC 3.1.1.6.

Megestrol acetate is a progestogen with actions and uses similar to those of the progestogens in general. It also has anti-androgenic properties. It is given by mouth in the palliative treatment or as an adjunct to other therapy in endometrial carcinoma and in breast cancer. Megestrol acetate has been approved to treat anorexia and cachexia. (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)

A 6-methyl PROGESTERONE acetate with reported glucocorticoid activity and effect on ESTRUS.

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of CoA derivatives from ATP, acetate, and CoA to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl CoA. It acts also on propionates and acrylates. EC 6.2.1.1.

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