Advertisement

Topics

Interventions for Communication in Autism Network

2014-08-27 03:17:49 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of this project is to compare the efficacy of two interventions for improving spoken language and reducing symptoms of autism.

Description

While significant progress has been made toward identifying effective interventions for preschool-age children with autism (National Research Council, 2001), few scientifically rigorous studies have compared active ingredients of these interventions or examined outcomes focused on core deficits. To address these areas of need, this collaborative, multi-site project combines the expertise of investigators experienced in randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs), in the study of core deficits in young children with autism, and in data management and analysis of multi-site clinical trials.

The goal of this project is to compare the efficacy of two interventions for improving spoken language and reducing symptoms of autism: (1) Discrete trial training (DTT)--an applied behavior analysis approach emphasizing highly structured teaching of school readiness skills (match-to-sample, imitation, functional play, and receptive and expressive language) and (2) Interpersonal developmental approach (IDA): a visually supported, child-focused, flexible engagement, social communicative engagement approach on joint attention, symbolic play, and the use of conventional symbols within socially valid communicative contexts.

Children will be randomly assigned to DTT or IDA. In each condition, children's ongoing early intervention programs will be augmented with two 30-minute sessions daily of the study intervention (DTT or IDA) conducted by supervised therapists for 4 months, with transition to home therapy for 2 months.

Potential moderators (e.g., initial mental age and language age) and mediators (e.g. parent synchronization of joint attention and changes in parental expectancies) on treatment outcome will also be examined.

The assessment measures will include diagnostic and developmental measures. There are three sets of assessments. The first set of assessments is to determine whether the child is eligible for the study. If the child is eligible, we will complete the next set of assessments, which are completed at three points: (1) prior to entry into the treatment (this is a baseline measurement conducted just before the start of the treatment phase); (2) at exit; and (3) at a 6 month follow-up. Several assessments will also be completed after 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Autism

Intervention

Discrete Trial Training, Interpersonal Developmental Approach

Location

University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
California
United States
90024

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:17:49-0400

Clinical Trials [2213 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

RCT of TeachTown in Autism Support Classrooms: Innovation and Exnovation

Computer assisted interventions are becoming very popular as an intervention strategy for students with autism. There is little data on how effective they are or how their implementation a...

Relationship Training for Children With Autism and Their Peers

This study will determine whether peer interaction training interventions are effective in enhancing the social relationships of children with autism.

Social Value Training in Toddlers With Elevated Autism Symptoms

In the proposed pilot study, ASD+ toddlers will undergo Social Value Training (SVT) using a gaze-contingent eye-tracking paradigm in toddlers with elevated symptoms of ASD (ASD+) (n=48). S...

Effectiveness of a Developmental Reciprocity Treatment Program in Autism

This is a research study examining the effectiveness of a Developmental Reciprocity Treatment Program (DRTP) in treating social deficits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). D...

The Effects of a Group-based Gaze Training Intervention for Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

The aim of this study was to integrate a gaze training intervention (i.e., quiet eye training; QET) that has been shown to improve the throwing and catching skill of children with Developm...

PubMed Articles [17473 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of a parent-implemented Developmental Reciprocity Treatment Program for children with autism spectrum disorder.

Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for furt...

Social skills group training in children with autism spectrum disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

In 122 high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; 9-13 years; 19 girls), we investigated the effectiveness of a 15-session social skills group training (SST) with and without paren...

Brief Report: Autism Knowledge and Stigma in University and Community Samples.

Increased public understanding of autism may lead to better access to services and participation in the community for individuals with autism. The goal of this study was to explore autism understandin...

Parental First Concerns and Timing of Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis.

Specific developmental concerns can distinguish between an early versus later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Caregiver survey responses of children ≥ 9 years-of-age (2012) with ASD ...

Influence of Community-Level Cultural Beliefs about Autism on Families' and Professionals' Care for Children.

This qualitative study aimed to understand how community-level cultural beliefs affect families' and professionals' care for children with autism and developmental delays in immigrant communities, as ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)

Trial-and-error methods of problem-solving used when an algorithmic approach is impractical

Behavioral science applied with the aim of improving socially important issues such as behavior problems and learning. For individuals diagnosed with intellectual and developmental disabilities including AUTISM, techniques can be categorized as comprehensive or focused.

A group of people who meet in an unstructured setting to learn about themselves, interpersonal relationships, and group processes and about larger social systems.

A childhood disorder predominately affecting boys and similar to autism (AUTISTIC DISORDER). It is characterized by severe, sustained, clinically significant impairment of social interaction, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. In contrast to autism, there are no clinically significant delays in language or cognitive development. (From DSM-IV)

More From BioPortfolio on "Interventions for Communication in Autism Network"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Autism
Autism affects half a million people in the UK. Men are affected more than women. People with autism have said that the world, to them, is a mass of people, places and events which they struggle to make sense of, and which can cause them considerable a...

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...


Searches Linking to this Trial