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Colonoscopy screening to reduce mortality and incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been implemented in many western countries. The estimated effect is based on case-control and observational studies. There are no randomized trials quantifying the effect of colonoscopy screening on CRC incidence and mortality.
The present study investigates the effect of a population-based once-only colonoscopy screening with polypectomy on the incidence of CRC in an average risk population.
In 1983, 900 individuals 55 to 64 years of age were randomly drawn from the population registry of Telemark county, Norway. 400 of these were invited to a flexible sigmoidoscopy screening examination, and 400 individuals were not offered any screening. In 1996, the remainder, both cohorts from 1983 were invited to a colonoscopy screening examination. A new age and sex matched control group, not being offered screening, was randomly drawn from the same registry. Both groups are to be followed with regard to CRC incidence, CRC mortality and all-cause mortality through national Norwegian registries.
This as a randomized study of once-only colonoscopy screening (n=685) vs/no screening(care as usual)(n=684). Men and women at 63-72 years of age are recruited from the population registry. The intervention group is invited for screening after a bowel cleansing regimen at home. Follow-up is restricted to trace events (colorectal cancer incidence and deaths) through national registries.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Cancer Registry of Norway
Active, not recruiting
Norwegian Department of Health and Social Affairs
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:48-0400
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Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument along either natural body pathways such as the digestive tract, or through keyhole incisions to examine the interior parts of the body. With advances in imaging, endoscope, and miniaturization of endosurgical equipment, surgery can be performed during endoscopy.
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