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Local Anesthetic in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA): Volume Versus Concentration

2014-08-27 03:18:03 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 48 patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty with placement of an intracapsular catheter will be randomized to receive bolus injection of ropivacaine in high volume/low concentration (20 ml, 5 mg/mL) or low volume/high concentration (10 mL, 10 mg/mL) 6 and 24 hours postoperatively, and pain will be assessed at rest and with mobilization for 2 hours after injections.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Postoperative Pain

Intervention

20 mL ropivacaine 5 mg/mL, 10 mL ropivacaine 10 mg/mL

Location

Lundbeck Centre for fast-track hip and knee arthroplasty
Copenhagen
Denmark

Status

Completed

Source

Lundbeck Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:03-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

Pain during the period after surgery.

A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.

Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.

Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).

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