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The purpose of this study is to determine whether an adhesion reduction plan, consisting of early adhesion prevention and application of a bioresorbable membrane is effective in reducing the severity of adhesions and the incidence of complications in managing the open abdomen in trauma and emergency general surgery.
Adhesions are a common consequence of abdominal surgery. Trauma and emergency general surgery patients may require an open abdomen and undergo a series of abdominal operations, which may be increasingly complicated by the presence of adhesions. Adhesions appear soon after the initial operation and gradually mature within days. The effects of adhesion development on subsequent surgery may include: increased procedure time; difficulty differentiating, exposing, and accessing tissue planes; and increased risk of inadvertent enterotomy. Complications of adhesions include enteric obstruction and enterocutaneous fistulae. This study will determine whether an adhesion reduction plan, consisting of early adhesion prevention and application of a bioresorbable membrane is effective in reducing the extent and severity of adhesions and the incidence of complications in managing the open abdomen in trauma and emergency general surgery.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Adhesion Reduction Plan
University of Maryland Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
University of Maryland
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:51-0400
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Cell adhesion molecules that mediate neuron-neuron adhesion and neuron-astrocyte adhesion. They are expressed on neurons and Schwann cells, but not astrocytes and are involved in neuronal migration, neurite fasciculation, and outgrowth. Ng-CAM is immunologically and structurally distinct from NCAM.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
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Surface ligands that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion and function in the assembly and interconnection of the vertebrate nervous system. These molecules promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism. These are not to be confused with NEURAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES, now known to be expressed in a variety of tissues and cell types in addition to nervous tissue.