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The study is designed to compare the apnea event recognition capability of the Capnostream 20 with investigational software to polysomnograph recordings scored by a trained analyst. The study will compare the apnea index score (AI) calculated by the Capnostream 20 algorithm based on capnography to that calculated by a trained analyst evaluating polysomnograph recordings.
The Capnostream, using both its USB Data Port and Analog output port will simultaneously provide the monitored data both to a USB flash memory device and Polysomnograph for storage for future analysis.
The data collected by the Polysomnograph including the Capnostream data will be analyzed by a trained expert for evaluation of apnea events obtained from both sources.
In parallel, the Capnostream data as collected with the USB flash memory, will be downloaded onto a PC, and using the Oridion software algorithm designed for evaluating the data (to be implemented in the monitor when validated), the Apnea Index and Oxygen Desaturation Index will be calculated. The results of the Apnea Index scores calculated from the Polysomnograph and from the DUT will be compared.
Based on the results, the study will then evaluate the ability of the Capnograph/Pulse-Oximeter as a tool for screening and assisting in the diagnosis of patients with obstructive sleep-apnea in the hospital environment, where it is being used as a ventilation monitor based on the demonstration of a high correlation with the gold standard in the sleep lab.
The clinical investigation will be conducted until enrollment of at least 30 adult and 30 Pediatric patients of both sexes with complete data sets are collected from three different sleep lab sites per the FDA guidance requirements. The enrollment time will last up to six (6) months. The overall number of enrolled patients (i.e. with complete/incomplete data) will not exceed 80 patients.
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Hillel Yaffe Sleep Lab Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:51-0400
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A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...