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The primary purpose of the trial is to demonstrate that at least a 40% drop of recurrence rate can be achieve in hepatocellular carcinoma patients treated with no touch multipolar radiofrequency ablation technique compared to those treated with usual intranodular multipolar technique.
206 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma(s) including up to three nodules measuring up to four cm in diameter, will be randomized in two therapeutic legs: multipolar no touch radiofrequency versus multipolar intra nodular radiofrequency. Patients previously treated for hepatocellular carcinoma will not be enrolled in the study. Diagnostic of hepatocellular carcinoma will be based on American Society of Liver Diseases guide line. Early response to the treatment will be assessed one month after the radiofrequency ablation procedures (up to three in case of incomplete necrosis) with dynamic contrast medium enhanced CT or MRI liver examinations. For the follow up dynamic contrast medium enhanced CT or MRI liver examinations will be performed every three months.
The trial will last for 58 months including 30 months for the recruitment of patients. The main criteria of judgement will be the 2-years recurrence rate.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:09-0400
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A carcinoma composed mainly of epithelial elements with little or no stroma. Medullary carcinomas of the breast constitute 5%-7% of all mammary carcinomas; medullary carcinomas of the thyroid comprise 3%-10% of all thyroid malignancies. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1141; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A chronic self-perpetuating hepatocellular INFLAMMATION of unknown cause, usually with HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA and serum AUTOANTIBODIES.
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Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...