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RATIONALE: Internal radiation therapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. It may also cause less damage to normal tissue.
- To examine the efficacy of MammoSite® Radiation Therapy System (RTS) in delivering partial-breast irradiation to women with early-stage breast cancer.
- To assess the toxicities associated with MammoSite® RTS in these patients.
- To evaluate the cosmetic results in the breast after brachytherapy with the MammoSite® RTS.
- To correlate the cosmetic results with the use of chemotherapy, volume of the implant, and distance from the implant to the skin.
- To correlate the local recurrence rate with time between surgery and implant.
OUTLINE: Patients undergo placement of the MammoSite® Radiation Therapy System (RTS) device into the cavity where the tumor was removed either at the time of surgery or percutaneously under ultrasound guidance after surgery. Within 2-5 days after the device implant, patients undergo partial-breast irradiation delivered by MammoSite® RTS twice daily for 5 days.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up periodically for 5 years.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
adjuvant therapy, accelerated partial breast irradiation, intracavitary balloon brachytherapy
Not yet recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:52-0400
To determine whether an accelerated course of radiotherapy delivered to the lumpectomy cavity plus margin using IORT as a single dose, intracavitary brachytherapy with the MammoSite device...
Breast cancer patients at Sentara RMH Hahn Cancer Center who are treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation will be monitored over a period of 10 years. From this group of patient...
This study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of accelerated partial breast irradiation (ABPI) with intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in low-risk breast cancer treat with ...
This study is to compare radiation toxicity of accelerated partial breast irradiation (ABPI) with whole breast irradiation (WBI) in low-risk breast cancer.
RATIONALE: Internal radiation therapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy through a special catheter that is placed...
To improve efficiency, convenience, and cost, a prospective phase II trial was initiated to evaluate accelerated partial breast irradiation delivered with noninvasive image-guided breast brachytherapy...
Guidelines for radiotherapy in male breast cancer (MBC) are lacking. Some extrapolate the results from female breast cancer trials, while others advocate systematic adjuvant irradiation. We evaluated ...
The conventionally fractionated partial breast irradiation (PBI) IMPORT LOW trial represents the perfect example of how an adequate selection of patients led to a minimal local relapse rate for patien...
Nonadherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy has been poorly studied in Asian patients with breast cancer. We therefore assessed adherence to endocrine therapy among women with breast cancer in Japan.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.
Irradiation of one half or both halves of the body in the treatment of disseminated cancer or widespread metastases. It is used to treat diffuse metastases in one session as opposed to multiple fields over an extended period. The more frequent treatment modalities are upper hemibody irradiation (UHBI) or lower hemibody irradiation (LHBI). Less common is mid-body irradiation (MBI). In the treatment of both halves of the body sequentially, hemibody irradiation permits radiotherapy of the whole body with larger doses of radiation than could be accomplished with WHOLE-BODY IRRADIATION. It is sometimes called "systemic" hemibody irradiation with reference to its use in widespread cancer or metastases. (P. Rubin et al. Cancer, Vol 55, p2210, 1985)
The use of balloon CATHETERS to remove emboli by retraction of the balloon that is inflated behind the EMBOLUS.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
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