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The purpose of this research is to further study the effect weight loss after gastric bypass surgery has on the heart and blood pressure and on how the body uses or metabolizes the sugars, fats and proteins we eat. Additionally, the researchers want to study fat tissue for gene patterns which may be responsible for where we carry fat on our bodies, as well as look carefully at a possible link between adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The researchers also want to evaluate the liver for the presence of fatty liver, which is common in people with obesity and is associated with insulin resistance, as well as study the liver for gene patterns which may be associated with non-alcoholic liver disease.
Evaluating cardiovascular function and endocrine function before and after gastric bypass surgery, as well as studying adipose and liver tissue may help us understand the link between obesity, insulin resistance, fatty liver disease, high blood pressure and health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. Consequently, this may help in the future by identifying those who will benefit most from gastric bypass surgery.
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance and diabetes. Since both of these conditions have been implicated in cardiovascular complications, this association may explain obesity related illnesses and deaths. Gastric bypass is considered the "gold standard" surgical weightloss procedure and has been demonstrated to cure diabetes and insulin resistance. Some severely obese patients, however, have normal insulin-glucose metabolism. The differences in metabolic healthy in severely obese individuals has not been fully recognized or understood. This research will study insulin-glucose metabolism in a population of severely obese individuals undergoing gastric bypass. This investigation is based on the following hypotheses:
1. Severely obese individuals can be categorized by degree to which insulin-glucose homeostasis is impaired.
2. The degree of insulin resistance correlates with risk for cardiovascular disease. Weight loss in obese individuals with insulin resistance, will correlate with improvement in parameters associated with cardiovascular disease. Obese individuals with better insulin sensitivity will not have a high risk for cardiovascular disease and therefore will not experience this risk reduction in cardiovascular disease.
3. Insulin resistance is a consequence of pathological storage of excess energy intake; therefore, individuals who are insulin resistant and obese will differ from individuals who are obese, but not insulin resistant with regards to gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue and visceral adipose tissue.
Subjects will be studied for evidence of end organ dysfunction and predictors of morbidity and mortality preoperatively and postoperatively. Additionally, gene expression in the subcutaneous and visceral adipose depots of subjects will be studied
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
UMass Memorial Medical Center
University of Massachusetts, Worcester
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:10-0400
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The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Surgical procedures aimed at producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.
An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.
A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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