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Postoperative Pain After Volar Plating for Distal Radius Fractures

2014-08-27 03:18:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The investigators undertook to evaluate early postoperative pain levels after the volar plating of distal radius fractures performed under regional anesthesia, and to determine whether periarticular multimodal drug injections into the joint, ligament, periosteum, subcutaneous tissue, and skin, and into interosseous and superficial radial nerves (as an additional sensory nerve block) provide additional pain management benefits.

Description

To evaluate whether periarticular injections (PI) had additional pain management benefits, patients were randomly allocated to two groups, that is, the PI and No-PI groups, using a randomization table. Members in the PI group received intra-operative periarticular injections and additional sensory nerve blocks just before skin closure. For the periarticular injections and additional sensory block, local analgesic solution was injected into the wrist joint, joint capsule, periosteum, subcutaneous tissue, skin, and around the anterior and posterior interosseous nerves and the superficial radial nerve.

A volume of 2ml was injected into the joint capsule and periosteum, and of 3ml into the wrist joint, subcutaneous tissue, skin and into each nerve. The anterior interosseous nerve was blocked in the course of the pronator quadratus and posterior interosseous nerve in the 4th dorsal extensor compartment.

The mixture of anesthetics consisted of 2 ampules of ropivacaine HCl (Naropin®, 0.75%, 7.5mg/ml, 20ml/ⓐ), 1 ampule of morphine sulfate (5mg/ⓐ), 1 ampule of epinephrine HCL (1mg/ml, 1ml/ⓐ) and normal saline 20cc.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Distal Radius Fractures

Intervention

periarticular anesthetics injection

Location

Department of orthopedic surgery, Seoul national university bundang hospital
Seongnam
Gyeonggi-do
Korea, Republic of
463-707

Status

Completed

Source

Seoul National University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Fractures of the RADIUS.

The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).

Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.

Injection of ANALGESICS; LOCAL ANESTHETICS; or NARCOTICS into the PLEURAL CAVITY between the two pleural membranes.

Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).

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