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Prevention of Disability: Proposal for a Guidance Manual for Leprosy Patients

2014-07-23 21:11:54 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Leprosy is an infectious disease of slow evolution, manifested primarily by signs and symptoms dermatoneurological with skin lesions and peripheral nerve, especially in the eyes, hands and feet. The prevention of disability is essential for the control of complications. Objective: To evaluate the physical and functional status of hands, feet and eyes, for the appearance and evolution of sensory and motor deficiencies and classification of disability (WHO) of a group of leprosy patients to compare and monitor the result treatment on the progression of neuropathy and recurrence of reactions. Methodology: We performed initial physical therapy evaluation and final, after 12 months. We conducted a clinical trial of a series of 26 cases evaluated with newly diagnosed leprosy, treated by standard medication. There were used methods of qualitative and quantitative. An illustrated manual of guidelines was especially developed for this study.

Description

assessment methods of qualitative and quantitative: inspection of eyes, hands and foot, manual motor function, grip and pinch dynamometry,threshold test, SF 36 quality of life questionnaire.

Intervention: illustrated guidelines, exercises, orthoses, orientation Goals: disability prevention

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Leprosy

Intervention

exercise and orientation

Location

School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo
Ribeirao Preto
SP
Brazil
14049900

Status

Completed

Source

University of Sao Paulo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:11:54-0400

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Clofazamine in the Long Term Treatment of Leprosy, Phase III

Clofazimine has shown effectiveness in the treatment of leprosy for many years. The World Health Organization and the National Hansen's Disease Program consider clofazamine to be standard ...

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PubMed Articles [2941 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Blood coagulation abnormalities in multibacillary leprosy patients.

Leprosy is a chronic dermato-neurological disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae infection. In 2016, more than 200,000 new cases of leprosy were detected around the world, representing the most freque...

Relationship between bacilloscopy and operational classification of Hansen's disease in patients with reactions.

Leprosy can be classified according to its operational form as paucibacillary or multibacillary. Bacilloscopy integrates its diagnostic armamentarium. Patients with the disease may present leprosy rea...

Quantitative evaluation of maxillary bone deformation by computed tomography in patients with leprosy.

Facial deformation as a sequela of leprosy is caused not only by a saddle nose but also by regression of the maxilla, as well documented in paleopathological observations of excavated skeletal remains...

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The aim of study was to evaluate the oral health status, salivary flow and halitosis among individuals diagnosed with leprosy as compared with healthy subjects.

Anti-phospholipid syndrome in seven leprosy patients with thrombotic events on corticosteroid and/or thalidomide regimen: insights on genetic and laboratory profiles.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A principal or polar form of LEPROSY in which the skin lesions are few and are sharply demarcated. Peripheral nerve involvement is pronounced and may be severe. Unlike lepromatous leprosy (LEPROSY, LEPROMATOUS), the lepromin test is positive. Tuberculoid leprosy is rarely a source of infection to others.

A form of LEPROSY classified by the World Health Organization for the purpose of treatment, based on clinical manifestations and skin smear results. Patients with paucibacillary leprosy have fewer than six skin lesions with no causative agent MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE on any slit-skin smear testing. Paucibacillary leprosy encompasses indeterminate, borderline tuberculoid, and tuberculoid leprosy.

A form of LEPROSY classified by the World Health Organization for the purpose of treatment, based on clinical manifestations and skin smear results. Patients with multibacillary leprosy have six or more lesions with or without positive skin smear results for the causative agent MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Multibacillary leprosy encompasses borderline lepromatous, midborderline, and lepromatous leprosy.

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

The etiologic agent of rat leprosy, also known as murine leprosy.

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