Advertisement

Topics

Sugammadex and Neostigmine at Residual Neuromuscular Blockade

2014-08-27 03:18:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is designed to compare recovery times after reversal of a residual neuromuscular block (TOF-ratio 0.2) with different doses of either neostigmine or sugammadex.

Description

Muscle relaxants are integral part of modern anesthesia. They optimize intubating conditions, reduce laryngeal trauma and improve operating conditions. Drawback is a possible pharmacological (muscle relaxing) effect of these drugs beyond the end of the operation (i.e. post-operative residual curarization: PORC). Reportedly about 30% of all patients who received muscle relaxants show signs of PORC when arriving in the post-anesthesia care unit. PORC comprises the risk of impaired post-operative fine motor and coordinative skills with a possible impairment of swallowing pharyngeal secretions with an increased risk of aspiration after extubation. Possible deleterious effects of this could be pneumonia, bronchitis, myocardial infarction, cardiac insufficiency, stroke or re-operation.

In order to avoid PORC patients with residual neuromuscular block receive a muscle relaxant antagonist from the anesthesiologist at the end of the operation. However, these drugs (neostigmine, pyridostigmine, etc.) from the class of cholinesterase inhibitors have unwanted effects such as bradycardia, increased gastro-intestinal motility, post-operative nausea and vomiting, salivation etc. To decrease these unwanted side effects cholinesterase inhibitors have to be given in combination with parasympatholyics e.g. atropine or glycopyrrolate with their own spectrum of unwanted side effects.

From October 2008 on, Sugammadex, a completely new reversal drug was introduced in to clinical practice. Sugammadex, is a modified γ-cyclodextrine able to specifically bind rocuronium (a steroidal muscle relaxant). The complex is eliminated via the kidneys. However, all studies so far have focussed on reversal of profound or deep neuromuscular blockade. This study is designed to compare recovery times after reversal of a residual neuromuscular block (TOF-ratio 0.2) with different doses of either the neostigmine or sugammadex.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Residual Neuromuscular Block (TOF-ratio of 0.2)

Intervention

Sugammadex, Neostigmine, Saline

Location

Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München
Munic
Bavaria
Germany
81675

Status

Recruiting

Source

Technische Universität München

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:14-0400

Clinical Trials [1849 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Sugammadex and Neostigmine at Shallow Neuromuscular Blockade

This study is designed to compare recovery times after reversal of a residual neuromuscular block (TOF-ratio 0.5) with different doses of either neostigmine or sugammadex.

Reversal of Residual Neuromuscular Blockade at Train-of-four Ratio 0.3 With Sugammadex and Neostigmine

The aim of this study is to estimate the optimal dose of sugammadex and neostigmine reversal of a vecuronium-induced residual neuromuscular block at train-of-four ratio 0.3.

Combined Use of Low-dose Sugammadex Plus Neostigmine Administered for Reversal of Rocuronium

Reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block by the combination of low-doses of neostigmine plus sugammadex decreases the cost of anesthetic medications, while maintaining efficacy o...

The Effect of Sugammadex Versus Neostigmine During Neuromuscular Blockade Reversal

Patients who undergo surgery receive drugs called neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) that to block the activity of muscles. When the surgery is over, the block needs to be reversed. Sugg...

Monitoring of Postoperative Recurarization in Laparoscopic Surgery

Compare the reversal effect of neostigmine and sugammadex using quantitative neuromuscular monitoring

PubMed Articles [7695 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Neostigmine and Sugammadex for Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade on QT Dispersion Under Propofol Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Reversal of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent neostigmine is associated with QT prolongation under general anesthesia. To clarify the effects of neostigmine and sugammadex on hemodynamic s...

Reversal of Deep Pipecuronium-Induced Neuromuscular Block With Moderate Versus Standard Dose of Sugammadex: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Noninferiority Trial.

Certain surgical interventions may require a deep neuromuscular block (NMB). Reversal of such a block before tracheal extubation is challenging. Because anticholinesterases are ineffective in deep blo...

Atrio-ventricular Block Following Neostigmine-Glycopyrrolate Reversal in Non-heart Transplant Patients: Case Report.

Neostigmine is the anticholinesterase drug most commonly used to reverse blockade or speed up recovery from neuromuscular blockade from nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs. Because of its car...

Anesthesiologists' Overconfidence in Their Perceived Knowledge of Neuromuscular Monitoring and Its Relevance to All Aspects of Medical Practice: An International Survey.

In patients who receive a nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drug (NMBD) during anesthesia, undetected postoperative residual neuromuscular block is a common occurrence that carries a risk of pote...

Effects of two levels of partial neuromuscular block with atracurium on the ventilatory response to hypercapnia in anesthetized Beagles.

OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of 2 levels of partial neuromuscular block on the ventilatory response to a hypercapnic challenge in anesthetized dogs and to evaluate effects of edrophonium for reversin...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.

A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the effects of muscle relaxants such as gallamine and tubocurarine. Neostigmine, unlike PHYSOSTIGMINE, does not cross the blood-brain barrier.

The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.

The use of peripheral nerve stimulation to assess transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION, especially in the response to anesthetics, such as the intensity of NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE by NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING AGENTS.

Drugs that bind to nicotinic cholinergic receptors (RECEPTORS, NICOTINIC) and block the actions of acetylcholine or cholinergic agonists. Nicotinic antagonists block synaptic transmission at autonomic ganglia, the skeletal neuromuscular junction, and at central nervous system nicotinic synapses.

More From BioPortfolio on "Sugammadex and Neostigmine at Residual Neuromuscular Blockade"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Rheumatology
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...

Anesthesia
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...

Anesthesiology
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...


Searches Linking to this Trial