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This study is designed to compare recovery times after reversal of a residual neuromuscular block (TOF-ratio 0.2) with different doses of either neostigmine or sugammadex.
Muscle relaxants are integral part of modern anesthesia. They optimize intubating conditions, reduce laryngeal trauma and improve operating conditions. Drawback is a possible pharmacological (muscle relaxing) effect of these drugs beyond the end of the operation (i.e. post-operative residual curarization: PORC). Reportedly about 30% of all patients who received muscle relaxants show signs of PORC when arriving in the post-anesthesia care unit. PORC comprises the risk of impaired post-operative fine motor and coordinative skills with a possible impairment of swallowing pharyngeal secretions with an increased risk of aspiration after extubation. Possible deleterious effects of this could be pneumonia, bronchitis, myocardial infarction, cardiac insufficiency, stroke or re-operation.
In order to avoid PORC patients with residual neuromuscular block receive a muscle relaxant antagonist from the anesthesiologist at the end of the operation. However, these drugs (neostigmine, pyridostigmine, etc.) from the class of cholinesterase inhibitors have unwanted effects such as bradycardia, increased gastro-intestinal motility, post-operative nausea and vomiting, salivation etc. To decrease these unwanted side effects cholinesterase inhibitors have to be given in combination with parasympatholyics e.g. atropine or glycopyrrolate with their own spectrum of unwanted side effects.
From October 2008 on, Sugammadex, a completely new reversal drug was introduced in to clinical practice. Sugammadex, is a modified γ-cyclodextrine able to specifically bind rocuronium (a steroidal muscle relaxant). The complex is eliminated via the kidneys. However, all studies so far have focussed on reversal of profound or deep neuromuscular blockade. This study is designed to compare recovery times after reversal of a residual neuromuscular block (TOF-ratio 0.2) with different doses of either the neostigmine or sugammadex.
Time Perspective: Prospective
Residual Neuromuscular Block (TOF-ratio of 0.2)
Sugammadex, Neostigmine, Saline
Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München
Technische Universität München
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:14-0400
This study is designed to compare recovery times after reversal of a residual neuromuscular block (TOF-ratio 0.5) with different doses of either neostigmine or sugammadex.
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Patients who undergo surgery receive drugs called neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) that to block the activity of muscles. When the surgery is over, the block needs to be reversed. Sugg...
Compare the reversal effect of neostigmine and sugammadex using quantitative neuromuscular monitoring
Reversal of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent neostigmine is associated with QT prolongation under general anesthesia. To clarify the effects of neostigmine and sugammadex on hemodynamic s...
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, including Neostigmine, have been used to reverse neuromuscular blockage for many years. Sugammadex reverses this blockage using its gamma cyclodextrin ring, a mechanis...
Certain surgical interventions may require a deep neuromuscular block (NMB). Reversal of such a block before tracheal extubation is challenging. Because anticholinesterases are ineffective in deep blo...
Neostigmine is the anticholinesterase drug most commonly used to reverse blockade or speed up recovery from neuromuscular blockade from nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs. Because of its car...
Anesthesiologists use sugammadex to reverse neuromuscular blockade (NMB) produced by rocuronium and vecuronium. Its mechanism involves encapsulation of the neuromuscular blocking agent. Sugammadex dos...
The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the effects of muscle relaxants such as gallamine and tubocurarine. Neostigmine, unlike PHYSOSTIGMINE, does not cross the blood-brain barrier.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The use of peripheral nerve stimulation to assess transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION, especially in the response to anesthetics, such as the intensity of NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE by NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING AGENTS.
Drugs that bind to nicotinic cholinergic receptors (RECEPTORS, NICOTINIC) and block the actions of acetylcholine or cholinergic agonists. Nicotinic antagonists block synaptic transmission at autonomic ganglia, the skeletal neuromuscular junction, and at central nervous system nicotinic synapses.
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Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...