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Sevoflurane Versus Propofol for Intubation in Neonatal Intensive Care

2014-08-27 03:18:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Endotracheal intubation is a painful and stressful procedure, which is associated with acute increases of blood pressure, intracranial pressure, bradycardia and hypoxemia with high morbidity.

The aim of the study is to compare recovery time, efficacy and tolerance in a randomized controlled study, between sevoflurane and propofol for intubation in neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Description

Background:

Endotracheal intubation is a painful and stressful procedure, which is associated with acute increases of blood pressure, intracranial pressure, bradycardia and hypoxemia with hight morbidity.

In 2001, in France more than 50% of intubations in neonates were performed without any premedication or anesthesia.

The most frequently used anesthesias are based on benzodiazepine or opioids. Unfortunately, these treatments are responsible for respiratory and hemodynamic adverse effects. Recently, 2 new possibilities for anesthesia before intubation has been tested: propofol was better than association of morphine, succinylcholine and atropine and we shaw that inhaled sevoflurane was better than no treatment.

The aim of the present study is to compare recovery time, efficacy and tolerance in a randomized controlled study, between sevoflurane and propofol for intubation in neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Objectives:

The objective of this study is to compare recovery time, efficacy and tolerance in a randomized controlled study, between sevoflurane and propofol for intubation of neonates.

Methods:

Prospective, controlled, randomized, monocentric study.

Subjects:

Neonates in neonatal intensive care requiring intubation.

Evaluation criteria:

Recovery time after intubation, facilitation of procedure, tolerance of treatment (mean arterial pressure, apnea).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Endotracheal Intubation

Intervention

Administration of sevoflurane, Administration of propofol

Location

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille
Marseille
France

Status

Recruiting

Source

Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Marseille

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:15-0400

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