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Cyclophosphamide, Autologous Lymphocytes, and Aldesleukin in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:18:16 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Biological therapy, such as cellular adoptive immunotherapy using autologous lymphocytes, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Aldesleukin may stimulate the lymphocytes to kill tumor cells. Giving cyclophosphamide together with autologous lymphocytes and aldesleukin may be an effective treatment for metastatic melanoma.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of giving cyclophosphamide together with autologous lymphocytes and aldesleukin and to see how well it works in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Assess the safety and toxicity of cellular adoptive immunotherapy with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) following cyclophosphamide conditioning and post-infusion aldesleukin (IL-2) in patients with metastatic melanoma.

- Assess the duration of in vivo persistence of adoptively transferred lymphocytes.

Secondary

- Evaluate the antitumor effect of adoptively transferred autologous TIL following cyclophosphamide conditioning and post-infusion IL-2 in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2 and autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) IV on day 0. Beginning 6 hours after TIL infusion, patients receive high-dose aldesleukin (IL-2) IV three times daily on days 0-5 (for up to 14 doses) OR low-dose IL-2 subcutaneously twice daily on days 0-14 (for up to 28 doses). Patients may then receive two additional courses of TILs and low-dose IL-2 (with or without cyclophosphamide), if indicated.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Melanoma (Skin)

Intervention

aldesleukin, therapeutic autologous lymphocytes, cyclophosphamide

Status

No longer available

Source

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:16-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)

Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.

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