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Genetic Investigation of Solid Tumors Cohort

2014-08-27 03:18:16 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The objective of this study is to obtain blood samples, solid tumor and/or benign hyperplasia samples to learn more about genetic differences that are linked to the formation of solid tumors.

Description

Recent studies in human genetics have discovered several intervals in the human genome containing inherited variants that are statistically associated with the propensity to develop solid tumors. Even though it has been firmly established that if an individual carries these DNA variants they have an increased chance of developing a solid tumor the underlying biological mechanisms for most of these associations are largely unknown.

In addition to inherited DNA variants that are associated with the development of solid tumors it is well established that during the development and growth of solid tumors the DNA in these cancer cells undergo somatic changes (mutations). These somatic DNA changes have been studied over the past decade and frequently are specific chromosomal translocations and amplifications associated with the development of particular solid tumors. In some instances, examining the chromosomal translocation and amplification has lead to the discovery of proteins contributing to solid tumor pathology.

the human 8q24 interval that has strong genetic associations with solid tumor development has also been noted as frequently amplified in solid tumors and serves as a predictor of poor survival in prostate cancers.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Location

Scripps Health
San Diego
California
United States
92037

Status

Recruiting

Source

Scripps Translational Science Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:16-0400

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PubMed Articles [13471 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.

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