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The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a peer-led community-based lifestyle intervention, versus usual care, in achieving weight loss and prevention of diabetes among overweight adults with pre-diabetes in East Harlem.
Weight loss can prevent diabetes and eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in incident diabetes among overweight adults with pre-diabetes. However, proven effective interventions have not been sustained or disseminated in community settings. A community-academic partnership aims to employ community-based participatory research to conduct a randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of a culturally tailored, peer-led diabetes prevention intervention that promotes weight loss.
People who develop diabetes go through a period when they have "pre-diabetes". In clinical settings, overweight adults with pre-diabetes who reduce their weight by 5-10% can reduce their risk of developing diabetes by 55-60%. To date, there are no studies testing the effectiveness of peer-led, community-based programs in achieving diabetes prevention through weight loss.
We will identify and enroll 400 overweight (BMI > 25) adults with pre-diabetes in East Harlem and randomized half into a community-based, peer-led lifestyle education program that teaches simple ways to lose weight.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Project HEED (Help Educate to Eliminate Diabetes), a community-based, peer-led weight loss program for overweight adults with pre-diabetes.
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:20-0400
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Selective grinding of occlusal surfaces of the teeth in an effort to eliminate premature contacts and occlusal interferences; to establish optimal masticatory effectiveness, stable occlusal relationships, direction of main occlusal forces, and efficient multidirectional patterns, to improve functional relations and to induce physiologic stimulation of the masticatory system; to eliminate occlusal trauma; to eliminate abnormal muscle tension; to aid in the stabilization of orthodontic results; to treat periodontal and temporomandibular joint problems; and in restorative procedures. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
A form of psychiatric treatment, based on Freudian principles, which seeks to eliminate or diminish the undesirable effects of unconscious conflicts by making the patient aware of their existence, origin, and inappropriate expression in current emotions and behavior.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
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