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Detection and Quant of Differences in Hodgkin Lymphoma and Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Using Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT)

2014-08-27 03:18:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Imaging procedures, such as positron emission tomography or computed tomography, may help in detecting differences between Hodgkin lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cancer cells. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying positron emission tomogaphy and computed tomography in determining differences in Hodgkin lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

I. Assess the feasibility of detection and quantification of differences in the temporal and spatial distribution of FDG uptake between lesions of HL and DLBCL.

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo fludeoxyglucose F18 (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans 60 and 180 minutes after FDG administration.

After completion of study, patients are followed for 24 hours.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

Fludeoxyglucose F18, Computed Tomography, Positron emission tomography

Location

Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
United States
19104

Status

Recruiting

Source

Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:20-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.

An imaging technique that combines a POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET) scanner and a CT X RAY scanner. This establishes a precise anatomic localization in the same session.

An imaging technique using a device which combines TOMOGRAPHY, EMISSION-COMPUTED, SINGLE-PHOTON and TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED in the same session.

A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.

Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.

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Hodgkin lymphoma
Hodgkin Lymphoma is a  disorder caused by malignant proliferation of lymphocytes, which contain characteristic mirror-image nuclei (Reed-Sternburg cells). The resulting lymphadenopathy can be limited to a single lymph node region (Stage 1) or spread...


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