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Efficacy of a Prebiotic Galactooligosaccharide to Reduce Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Overweight Adults

2014-08-27 03:18:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The traditional risk factors for obesity are inappropriate diet, lack of exercise and genetic factors. However, recent observations have involved gut microbiota profiles as having an additional influence. In this case, there exists the possibility to modulate this through diet. Research has shown that the gut microbiota of both obese humans and mouse models of obesity is altered towards less beneficial one compared to lean counterparts. This raises the possibility of modulating the gut microbiota as a novel strategy in tackling the epidemic of obesity and diabetes sweeping the developed world. In addition, a more direct effect of high-fat induced disruption of the intestinal microbiota has also been seen with a murine model. Elevated circulating levels of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) a major building block and antigen of Gram-negative bacteria, was shown to generate a low grade chronic inflammation, termed metabolic endotoxemia, which then onsets insulin resistance. High-fat diets were shown to disrupt the Gram-negative intestinal populations of these animals, liberating LPS. The effects of prebiotics on the microbiota or metabolic syndrome (combination of disorders that increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes) in overweight adults have not been investigated thus far. The investigators therefore propose to investigate the effect of galactooligosaccharide (GOS) on the faecal microbiota and metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight adults in a double-blind, randomised, placebo controlled, cross-over trial.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome X

Intervention

Bimuno, Maltodextrin

Location

School of Chemistry, Food Biosciences and Pharmacy, The University of Reading
Reading
Berkshire
United Kingdom
RG6 6AU

Status

Recruiting

Source

Clasado

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)

A cluster of symptoms that are risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome include ABDOMINAL OBESITY; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state.

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

A condition of metabolic imbalance that is caused by complications of initially feeding a severely malnourished patient too aggressively. Usually occurring within the first 5 days of refeeding, this syndrome is characterized by WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; and DIARRHEA.

Periplasmic proteins that bind MALTOSE and maltodextrin. They take part in the maltose transport system of BACTERIA.

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