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The primary objective of this randomized phase II study is to compare the Response Rate of each sequence of treatment approach in patients with advanced NSCLC. Additionally, development of gene expression profiles and genotypes that can predict response to commonly used chemotherapy may provide a unique opportunity to better utilize drugs shown to be effective in first- or second-line therapy. Here, the investigators will conduct a pharmacogenomic study to provide rational approach to the treatment of NSCLC by developing predictors of cisplatin (first-line agent) and pemetrexed or docetaxel (second-line agents) sensitivity and demonstrating the clinical value of identifying the most appropriate drug on the basis of sensitivity profile for the treatment regimen of each individual patient. Such an approach is likely to maximize response to chemotherapy and may change the current empirical paradigm of NSCLC therapy.
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is currently considered to be the standard treatment in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, overall response is only 30-40%, suggesting that a majority of the patients do not respond to platinum. Subsequently, those patients who experience treatment failure with platinum-based therapy typically received pemetrexed or docetaxel as second-line treatment, with response rate of approximately 7% to 10%. The primary objective of this randomized phase II study is to compare the Response Rate of each sequence of treatment approach in patients with advanced NSCLC. Additionally, development of gene expression profiles and genotypes that can predict response to commonly used chemotherapy may provide a unique opportunity to better utilize drugs shown to be effective in first- or second-line therapy. Here, we will conduct a pharmacogenomic study to provide rational approach to the treatment of NSCLC by developing predictors of cisplatin (first-line agent) and pemetrexed or docetaxel (second-line agents) sensitivity and demonstrating the clinical value of identifying the most appropriate drug on the basis of sensitivity profile for the treatment regimen of each individual patient. Such an approach is likely to maximize response to chemotherapy and may change the current empirical paradigm of NSCLC therapy.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Irinotecan, Cisplatin, Gemcitabine, Pemetrexed, Docetaxel
National Cancer Center Korea
111 Jungbalsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si
Korea, Republic of
National Cancer Center, Korea
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:21-0400
This study will assign subjects with chemo-naive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to chemotherapy using a genomic-based predictor to determine platinum sensitivity. Subjects wit...
This study is a randomized Phase 3 study comparing pemetrexed and cisplatin combination to gemcitabine and cisplatin for the treatment of Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NCSLC). Gemcitabine pl...
A Study of Pemetrexed & Carboplatin/Cisplatin or Gemcitabine& Carboplatin/Cisplatin With or Without IMC-1121B in Patients Previously Untreated With Recurrent or Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with Stage 4 non-small cell lung cancer have a better outcome when treated with IMC-1121B in combination with pemetrexed + carboplatin...
This is a multicenter, open-label, randomized phase II trial whose aim is to assess the antitumor activity of two sequential schedules of docetaxel and cisplatin followed by gemcitabine.
The purposes of this study are to determine: 1. The safety of Pemetrexed plus Gemcitabine and any side effects that might be associated with the combination of these two drugs. ...
Switch maintenance therapy, using alternative agents that were not administered during induction chemotherapy, is a treatment option for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bevac...
To evaluate the antitumor activity of gemcitabine (GEM), cisplatin (DDP) as well as the combination of these two agents in lung cancer cells and mice.
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PALB2, the partner and localizer of BRCA2, is essential for homologous recombination repair. We examined messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels of DNA-repair genes including PALB2, RNF8, RIF1, ATM, ...
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A number of small lung lesions characterized by small round masses of 2- to 3-mm in diameter. They are usually detected by chest CT scans (COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY). Such nodules can be associated with metastases of malignancies inside or outside the lung, benign granulomas, or other lesions.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
GILOTRIF (afatinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L8...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...