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Comparison of Three Plasmodium Falciparum Isolates in an Experimental Human Malaria Infection

2014-08-27 03:18:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Plasmodium falciparum isolates display a wide genetic diversity with possibly different properties to induce immune responses. These properties could directly influence the ability to induce protective efficacy. Since 1998 an experimental human malaria infection model at the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center (RUNMC) has been very successful in answering questions with regards to immunological mechanisms of human Pf infection. To date only the NF54 strain of Pf has been deployed in this Nijmegen model. However, investigation of heterologous Pf challenge is not only highly informative for our basic understanding of induction of immune responses but also provides an essential model for protective capacity testing in the clinical development of candidate malaria vaccines. Recently, the parasite culture laboratory of the RUNMC has been able to overcome technical hurdles to produce infectious mosquitoes of two genetically different isolates from different geographical regions to increase the portfolio for Phase IIa trials. These isolates, PfA and PfB will be compared with the NF54 strain for parasitic, immunological and clinical features in humans.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Plasmodium Falciparum

Intervention

Exposure to Plasmodium falciparum infected mosquitoes

Location

Leiden University Medical Center
Leiden
Netherlands
2300 RC

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Radboud University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.

A surface protein found on Plasmodium species which induces a T-cell response. The antigen is polymorphic, sharing amino acid sequence homology among PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; and PLASMODIUM YOELII.

A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.

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