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Plasmodium falciparum isolates display a wide genetic diversity with possibly different properties to induce immune responses. These properties could directly influence the ability to induce protective efficacy. Since 1998 an experimental human malaria infection model at the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center (RUNMC) has been very successful in answering questions with regards to immunological mechanisms of human Pf infection. To date only the NF54 strain of Pf has been deployed in this Nijmegen model. However, investigation of heterologous Pf challenge is not only highly informative for our basic understanding of induction of immune responses but also provides an essential model for protective capacity testing in the clinical development of candidate malaria vaccines. Recently, the parasite culture laboratory of the RUNMC has been able to overcome technical hurdles to produce infectious mosquitoes of two genetically different isolates from different geographical regions to increase the portfolio for Phase IIa trials. These isolates, PfA and PfB will be compared with the NF54 strain for parasitic, immunological and clinical features in humans.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Exposure to Plasmodium falciparum infected mosquitoes
Leiden University Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:22-0400
This will be a Proof-of-concept / Phase IIa, open label study to examine the efficacy of DSM265 in uncomplicated Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage malaria in adult pat...
The purpose of this study is to determine the importance of key blood group molecules in the clinical outcome of Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection in children.
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and tolerability of a non-replicating, metabolically active Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite (PfSPZ) vaccine in malaria-naïve healthy ...
This study is to measure prevalence of established and candidate molecular markers of drug resistant malaria at Komé, Doba, Republic of Chad.
Objectives: Primary: • To characterize the infectivity of the new lot of Plasmodium falciparum strain 3D7 within the standard WRAIR CHMI model as compared to the current lot (his...
Understanding the molecular and cellular pathways activated in response to Plasmodium falciparum infection is crucial for the development of pharmacological intervention to malaria. The present study ...
In Southeastern Brazil, Kerteszia cruzii (former Anopheles cruzii), a bromeliad mosquito species, is considered an efficient human Plasmodium spp. vector. In this region, recent studies showed asympto...
Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes infect mosquitoes and are responsible for malaria transmission. New interventions that block transmission could accelerate malaria elimination. Gametocytes develop wi...
Malaria, a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium continues to be a major health problem worldwide. The unicellular Plasmodium-parasites have the unique capacity...
Simple and efficient transfection methods for genetic manipulation of Plasmodium falciparum are desirable to identify, characterize and validate the genes with therapeutic potential and better underst...
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
A surface protein found on Plasmodium species which induces a T-cell response. The antigen is polymorphic, sharing amino acid sequence homology among PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; and PLASMODIUM YOELII.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Malaria is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. If malaria is not diagnosed and treated promptly, it can be fatal. What causes malaria? Malaria is caused by a type of parasite known as Plasmodium. There are many different types of Plasmod...