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The purpose of this project is to analyze tumour tissue from a group of subjects with malignant melanoma, who have been treated at the Royal Marsden Hospital.
Background - The Royal Marsden Hospital and the Institute of Cancer Research constitute the largest comprehensive cancer centre in Europe. In addition to an in-house drug development program, phase I - phase III clinical trials of novel anti-cancer agents are hosted. In order to investigate the optimal use of novel molecularly targeted agents, access to clinical tumour samples is needed in order to determine which particular cancer type expresses a molecular "signature" that may indicate potential therapeutic utility. Understanding such signatures should accelerate the registration of new drugs for routine cancer therapy; offering the potential of selecting those patients with tumour types most likely to benefit from therapy. Furthermore, new insights into disease biology may be gained.
Main research question/ objective - Are there features of primary melanoma or lymph node metastases that predict subsequent clinical outcome better than existing markers?
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:22-0400
Malignant melanoma have been reported to be characterized with high gp100 expression. Patients' autologous T cells will be isolated and transduced by GPA-TriMAR lentivirus to generate the ...
The purpose of this research study is to find out whether JX-594 is safe and effective for treating surgically unresectable malignant melanoma.
Previously untreated patients with malignant melanoma receive a new chemotherapy drug currently under development. CP-4055 is given intravenously on days 1-5 every four weeks until comple...
The primary purpose of the study is to determine the proportion of patients without progression at 6-months in patients with unresectable Stage III or Stage IV melanoma who are taking RTA ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of CP-461 given twice daily orally in patients with advanced or metastatic malignant melanoma and to evaluate the safety profile of C...
The majority of malignant breast lesions are primary tumors originated from breast tissue. These primary breast cancers usually metastasize to lymph nodes, lungs, bones and brain. Metastases from canc...
Spindle or epithelioid melanocytic (Spitz) nevi usually affect children or adolescents and growth in the face or the lower extremities. Histologically, they may show cytoarchitectural atypia and mitot...
Nevus of Ota is a blue, hyperpigmented, benign dermatosis of the skin and mucosae that most often occurs unilaterally in the distribution of the ophthalmic (V1) and maxillary (V2) branches of the trig...
Malignant melanoma is one of the most leading form of skin cancer associated with a low patient survival rate. Increasing evidence revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in the occurrenc...
Historically, patients with locally advanced or metastatic melanoma have an extremely poor prognosis. In recent years, major breakthroughs in cutaneous melanoma treatment have led to remarkable improv...
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors of the iris characterized by increased pigmentation of melanocytes. Iris nevi are composed of proliferated melanocytes and are associated with neurofibromatosis and malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body. Malignant melanoma of the iris often originates from preexisting nevi.
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.
Clinically atypical nevi (usually exceeding 5 mm in diameter and having variable pigmentation and ill defined borders) with an increased risk for development of non-familial cutaneous malignant melanoma. Biopsies show melanocytic dysplasia. Nevi are clinically and histologically identical to the precursor lesions for melanoma in the B-K mole syndrome. (Stedman, 25th ed)
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...