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The Identification of Novel Prognostic Markers in Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:18:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this project is to analyze tumour tissue from a group of subjects with malignant melanoma, who have been treated at the Royal Marsden Hospital.

Description

Background - The Royal Marsden Hospital and the Institute of Cancer Research constitute the largest comprehensive cancer centre in Europe. In addition to an in-house drug development program, phase I - phase III clinical trials of novel anti-cancer agents are hosted. In order to investigate the optimal use of novel molecularly targeted agents, access to clinical tumour samples is needed in order to determine which particular cancer type expresses a molecular "signature" that may indicate potential therapeutic utility. Understanding such signatures should accelerate the registration of new drugs for routine cancer therapy; offering the potential of selecting those patients with tumour types most likely to benefit from therapy. Furthermore, new insights into disease biology may be gained.

Main research question/ objective - Are there features of primary melanoma or lymph node metastases that predict subsequent clinical outcome better than existing markers?

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Retrospective

Conditions

Malignant Melanoma

Location

Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Sutton
Surrey
United Kingdom
SM2 5PT

Status

Recruiting

Source

Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

Tumors of the iris characterized by increased pigmentation of melanocytes. Iris nevi are composed of proliferated melanocytes and are associated with neurofibromatosis and malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body. Malignant melanoma of the iris often originates from preexisting nevi.

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.

Clinically atypical nevi (usually exceeding 5 mm in diameter and having variable pigmentation and ill defined borders) with an increased risk for development of non-familial cutaneous malignant melanoma. Biopsies show melanocytic dysplasia. Nevi are clinically and histologically identical to the precursor lesions for melanoma in the B-K mole syndrome. (Stedman, 25th ed)

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