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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a nasal instillation of Vardenafil on nasal potential difference in cystic fibrosis patients homozygous for the F508del mutation
CFTR protein has been shown to be an ohmic, small conductance channel regulated by cAMP intracellular levels that are balanced by degradation through cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE). Several families of PDEs with varying selectivities for cAMP and/or cGMP have been identified.PDE5 is highly specific for cGMP and is involved in the regulation of the intracellular concentration of cGMP in various tissues. Recently, it has been shown, in a preclinical model of transgenic mice, that pharmacological doses of sildenafil and vardenafil, two clinically approved PDE5 inhibitors, stimulate chloride transport activity of the mutant F508del-protein (Lubamba et al, 2008); this parameter has been assessed by means of the nasal potential difference (NPD). An increasing effect of sildenafil on the expression of F508del-CFTR protein (Dormer et al,2005) was originally reported in nasal epithelial cells harvested from patients with cystic fibrosis and cultured on impermeable supports, a configuration that allows interaction of drugs with the apical side of epithelia.
This study aims at investigating the effect of a single local administration of vardenafil on NPD measurements in CF patients homozygous for the F508del mutation.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cliniques universitaires St. Luc
Not yet recruiting
Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:22-0400
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease caused by mutation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of miglust...
The study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, study that will be conducted at multiple centers in subjects with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) who are homozygous for the F508del mutat...
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An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
A rehabilitation therapy for removal of copious mucus secretion from the lung of patients with diseases such as CHRONIC BRONCHITIS; BRONCHIECTASIS; PULMONARY ABSCESS; or CYSTIC FIBROSIS. The patient's head is placed in a downward incline (so the TRACHEA is inferior to the affected area) for 15- to 20-minute sessions.
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