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The purpose of this study is:
- to compare the effectiveness between the new strategy of treatment (given cis-platinum plus gemcitabine-neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery),and standard treatment (given cis-platinum/carboplatin during radiation-concurrent chemoradiation)in specific group of cervical cancer patients (stage Ib2-early IIb)
- to evaluate quality of life in both group of patients(standard treatment vs.experimental group)
According to FIGO classification of cervical cancer, stage Ib2 was classified as clinically visible lesion more than 4.0 cm in greatest dimension and stage IIb was classified tumor invades parametrium must not to pelvic wall. These were the common stages in Thai cervical cancer patients,and made a troublesome effect to Thai women. According to this study,stage early IIb with 1/3 of parametrium involvement. Mostly these two stage was treated with concurrent chemoradiation, challenging the possibility of late sequelae of radiation effect. This specific group of patients can be avoid the referred side effect by using neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy and para-aortic node sampling in operable cases (at least partial response- PR) and concurrent chemoradiation (CCR) in inoperable cases (less than PR). Due to high risk type of these subspecific group, combination chemotherapy instead of single chemotherapy was used as CCR. However in operable cases with identified poor prognostic factor should be receive post operative radiation as the usual manner.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery
Gynecologic Oncology Unit, Department of Obstertrics and Gynecology, Faculty of medicine, Prince of Songkla University
Thai Gynecologic Oncology Collaborative Group
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:18:27-0400
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Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.
A followup operation to examine the outcome of the previous surgery and other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding, but may not present until later stages of the cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated using surgery (including local excision) in early stages...
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